A bruise is caused by damage to capillaries and larger blood vessels, allowing blood to drain into the tissues. The variety of colours that appear in the skin are due to the amount of blood and the contents of the blood cells moving to the surface. Superficial bruises are rarely complicated, deeper bruises can cause extreme pain by cramping muscles and a bruise underneath the tough lining of bones is excruciating.

If bruising occurs with minor knocks or for no apparent reason this may indicate fragile capillaries or an underlying deficiency in the body’s clotting mechanism.


If a bruise is persisting or is extremely painful, obtain an examination from a doctor or osteopath/chiropractor to ensure that no underlying damage is being concealed. A specialist in haematology should be consulted if bruises are occurring too easily. Apply Arnica and Urtica creams on a regular basis throughout the day. Hot and cold applications can be very relieving. Fragile capillaries can be improved through nutritional and herbal treatments but these require a consultation with a complementary medical practitioner.

Large bruises can be dissipated quicker by the use of massage and an unusual aromatherapy oil called Helichrysum. Hyssop or lavender are more easily available and can be equally effective. Place a few drops into five tablespoonsful of extra virgin olive oil and apply.

The homeopathic remedies Arnica and Bellis perennis can be used at potency 6, four pills every 4hr.

If there is no underlying illness for recurrent bruises, then one can administer the following in divided doses with each meal: vitamin C (Ig per foot of height per day), vitamin E (lOOiu per foot of height per day) and vitamin A (l,000iu per foot of height per day).