I save as much washing as I can by protecting my clothes with aprons, and making the girls wear aprons when indoors. And I don’t let the children walk around without shoes. I sort my washing into groups before starting – flannels, woollens and hose, table-linen, bed-linen, towels, coloured articles, etc., and go over the personal clothing for pins and to empty pockets.

I do handkerchiefs by themselves one evening in the week and add a good lump of salt to their first soaking water.

I soak my whites in soda and cold water first thing on Monday morning. I never boil; the secret is never to let things get too dirty, so I change everything weekly.

I wash the woollens while the whites are soaking and do the hose in this water. I wash in two waters and rinse in two waters, then put the clothes through the wringer and hang out.

Then I do the coloured items – and the kitchen towels in their water.

Lastly, I do the whites and the starching and I pour the starching water in my final rinse water for the whites. This gives them a nice finish.

When pegging out I always peg the bottom of the article. I never peg an item by the neckband, collar or shoulder. I hang dresses on the line by the waist.

Jerseys and blouses go on hangers and I peg the sleeves up to the line. This saves having elongated sleeves as is the case if they are allowed to hang loose.

I never let cardigans, scarves, jerseys, or any woollens take the weight at one point. They hang evenly on the line as much one side as the other, and I turn them about three times during the drying process.

Hang socks and stockings by the toes. When suspended by the legs the toes are apt to dry hard.

Damp and roll your items ready to iron the next day. Never leave the damped ironing more than one day Air all ironed clothes in the drying cupboard or in the sun, or on a pulley in the kitchen.

Remove all stains from sheets and pillow-cases and table-cloths before washing, for the task is a hundred times more difficult in the wash. The shape will be kept in sheets if they are folded hem to hem and put through the wringer – then pegged up in four or more places.

Very dirty curtains will wash more easily if half a cup of kitchen salt is put into the water in which they are soaked.

If you haven’t the strength to wring a cloth, sheet, or large garment, twist it around the kitchen tap and then wring.

Woollen socks will not shrink after washing if, before pegging them out, you put a roll of paper into the toe and heel – push paper in and then peg.

An ounce of Epsom salts to one gallon of water will prevent the colours running into each other when you wash print dresses.

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