Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

Vaginitis

Infection of the vaginal mucous membrane. One of the first symptoms is increased secretion and a white discharge, together with itching and smarting. The nature of the secretion, the colour, the smell if any, and the density, help to determine the cause of the inflammation. Diagnosis is by vaginal examination with a speculum and microscopic examination of the secretion. The most frequent causes of vaginal inflammation are infections such as candidiasis, chlamydia or trichomonas. Infection with the fungus Candida albicans leads to a thick, creamy, whitish-yellow secretion with itching. The labia are frequently red and swollen. Fungus infection can occur during pregnancy, when the patient is on the pill, in diabetes and when antibiotics are used. Treatment is by means of fungicides in vaginal tablets, creams or tampons. The application of yoghurt-soaked tampons can also help. The sexual partner must usually be treated as well. A condom should be used in sexual intercourse for some time. A greenish, foamy secretion with a fish-like odour is an indication of a trichomonas infection. The infection is usually transmitted by sexual intercourse, but this need not necessarily be so. Treatment is usually by means of an antibiotic drug. The partner is treated at the same time, and condoms should be used in sexual intercourse to avoid the disease passing to and fro between the partners. Vaginal inflammation is not caused only by infections. Vaginal atrophy or washing the genitals with soap can cause reddening and smarting of the vaginal wall as well as vaginal secretion.

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