On arrival inspect the tree and cut off any damaged roots and shoots
Excavate a hole large enough to take all the roots, insert the stake and then the tree, spreading out the roots.
When all the roots have been covered, firm the soil. For trees and shrubs this is best done with the feet, treading first on one side then on another, until all the soil is evenly firmed. For herbaceous and rock plants, annuals and other small to medium-sized plants, firming with the fingers or knuckles or with the handle of the trowel is usually sufficient.
Finally, return the rest of the soil removed when making the hole, scattering it about so as to fill in all foot or hand marks and leave a loose, level surface.
Staking Trees and Big Shrubs
Trees and big shrubs will need support, at least for the first year or so. It is best to drive in stakes as the holes are made and before the plants are put in, as then there is no danger of driving stakes through roots and damaging them. There is another advantage in this. The tree or shrub can be immediately tied to its stake, leaving both hands free to get on with the work of returning the soil and working it between the roots.