Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

tooth abscess

Inflammation of the part of a tooth where it enters the jawbone. It is often a complication of dental caries (decay). If a tooth is affected by caries, the process can be halted only by completely removing the decayed material and filling the space with a suitable substitute. If this is not done, inflammation arises in the dental pulp – the central part of the tooth, where the nerves and blood vessels run. From there the infection passes down the root canal to the tip of the root. Such inflammation is characterized by intense pain, which is often spasmodic and frequently radiates out into the whole jaw and increases upon contact with heat. If an abscess subsequently forms in the jaw, the symptoms are mainly apparent at the point of infection. They increase when pressure is applied to the abscess. The tooth can come loose at this stage. If the pus can flow away, for instance between the tooth and the gum, the pain is eased; otherwise, it can lead to swelling, pain and even fever and swollen lymph glands. Torticollis (wryneck) Characteristic twisted head position caused at birth by tearing of one of the oblique neck muscles, with resultant haemorrhage and subsequent muscular scarring; the scar tissue shrinks, hence the unusual head position. The condition can also be caused by cutaneous scar tissue shrinkage after severe burns or major inflammation. The skin pulls the head rigidly sideways, and muscle then wastes. Other causes are long-term muscular spasm or paralysis on one side of the neck, and disorders of the vertebrae of the neck such as arthrosis or rheumatic inflammation. Treatment is by slow stretching of the wasted tissue, possibly combined with cutting of shortened muscles or a skin transplant.

Similar Posts