TEETHING

TEETHING usually begins about the sixth month, sometimes earlier, and it generally takes two years to cut the first set of tooth. In normal cases there is no fever, and baby has as good an appetite and is as cheerful as usual. It is very essential to keep the bowels regular. If there is a tendency to constipation this should be corrected, but otherwise no medicine is required.

A teething baby should be kept as much out of doors in fine weather as possible but care must be token to guard against catching chills. Constant dribbling is not infrequently the cause of bad colds. The little ones clothes become saturated, and evil consequences result. To prevent this, place a mackintosh or oiled silk bib under the silk or cotton one. Often when teething infants suffer greatly from thirst, caused by feverishness, this may be relieved by a spoonful or two of cold water, that has been boiled, given now and again. Milk is a food, not a beverage, and does not afford the same relief as water.

If the little one is very feverish, and the gum hot and swollen, it is well to consult a doctor, who may advise lancing. The child will have instant relief. This should not be done unless baby is suffering very much and the tooth can be felt near the surface.

Of the necessity for preserving the first teeth there can be no doubt. The comfort and appearance of the child in after life alike demand that these teoth be preserved until they are pushed out by the second set. They may be preserved by having decayed parts cloansed and filled by a qualified dentist. They should be cleaned as soon as they are cut by rubbing them with a piece of linen, aud when the child is old enough to allow a brush in the mouth, it should be used at least twice a day. A very narrow brush is best at first.

Thermometer. Every mother is advised to keep and use a clinical thermometer. Note in its use with young children: (1) To take a babys temperature or vaseline the thermometer; lay the ohild face downwards on your knees and gently press bulb half an inch into the anus. N.B. The temperature here is about one degree higher than in the groin or under the tongue. (2) Keep in for twice stated time. (3) Children often develop high tem-peratures (102°-104°) from slight causes. To know that a child does this saves anxiety. A sub-normal temperature is never serious unless a child is clearly very ill. (4) Always clean the thermometer scrupulously after use, but not in hot water. (5) Always see that the mercury is shaken below normal (98-4°, indicated by the arrow), before using thermometer. (6) Be sure jou do not confuse 100 2° or 100-4° with 102° or 104°.