DIY Shelving Systems
Shelving

DIY Shelving Systems

If your shelving requirements vary and you need the flexibility of being able to move the shelves up or down, or if you need to be able to add cabinets or cupboards, but you are not sure where or at what level, then you need an adjustable shelving system. Basically, most systems consist of metal…

Wood Finishing Tips
Finishing Wood

Wood Finishing Tips

When using stains and varnishes, the technique depends on the type of material. Board finishing The plywood facing of blockboard and the surface of pine-board can be stained, polished or varnished without preparation other than sanding. This also applies, of course, to veneered chipboard and plywood, but plain chipboard needs some degree of filling, or…

Basic Woodworking Joints
Joining

Basic Woodworking Joints

There are many cases where joints such as the mortise and tenon, used for table and chair legs, are still necessary in spite of modern resin adhesives. However, the strength of traditional woodworking joints is enhanced by a resin bond. Mortise and tenon joint This is used for framed-up constructions including door and cupboard frames,…

Screws

Fixing Loose Screws

If a woodscrew becomes loose the best treatment is to move it to a new position, when possible. If a door hinge is pulling away it might be moved far enough for the screws to be driven again into solid wood. When this is done, the old holes should be plugged to avoid wood fibres…

Woodworking

DIY Furniture Repairs

Cracks or splits in wood can be glued, providing the glue can be spread fully on the meeting surfaces. The glue should be the strongest obtainable if the trouble is not to recur. Avoid general-purpose glues. Buy one intended for boats and follow the directions, as these glues are strong as well as waterproof. If…

Panelling a Bath
Woodworking

Panelling a Bath

In the last few years of Queen Victoria’s reign it was the custom to have the sides of baths and w.c.s panelled in wood — presumably for the sake of neatness but also perhaps with a prudish notion that nothing naked should be on view. Later, our parents, in unseemly abandon, ripped out the old…

Dovetail Joint Variations
Joining

Dovetail Joint Variations

The variations in dovetail joints do use some of the basic principles of the through dovetail. The three types of dovetail joint mentioned here should only be used with hardwood and on “1: shape or carcase-type constructions. Lapped dovetail The effect of this type of joint is to conceal it from the front view and…

Self-tapping Screws
Screws

Self-tapping Screws

Self-tapping screws provide a useful and versatile range of fastenings. They are usually made from mild steel and, after the thread has been rolled, they are case-hardened to produce a hard surface at the thread with a tough core. Nickel or cadmium plating is the most common finish, but zinc, brass, copper and chromium platings…

How To Make Dovetail Joints
Joining

How To Make Dovetail Joints

Dovetail joints are widely used for box and drawer carcases and upright frames in furniture construction. They provide a strong corner joint which is resistant to pulling stress, indicated by their widespread use between the front of a drawer and its two sides. There are many variations of dovetail joints; in general, the wider the…

Woodwork Questions
Woodworking

Woodwork Questions

I have made several attempts at erecting shelves and making small cabinets. They look all right, but when I measure them to check for square, I find they are inaccurate. What can I do to correct this? What are you worried about ? Home woodwork is not like building a precision clock. If it looks…

Using a plane
woodworking tools

Using a plane

You cannot learn how to use a plane by just reading about it. Skill will come only with handling the tool. It is therefore vital to get as much practice as you can on waste pieces of wood. A plane has a broad blade which projects slightly from the long flat ‘sole’. The further the…

Types of Nails and screws
Woodworking

Types of Nails and screws

Nails In indoor work small nails are used mainly to attach sheet materials to frames. They can also be used though, in ‘dovetail-nailing’ to strengthen plain butt joints. Nails may be round, with round, flat heads, or oval, with oval heads. Round nails split wood more easily but they do grip sheets well. Ovals should…

Choosing working surfaces
Worktops

Choosing working surfaces

Working surfaces must be hard wearing, easily cleaned and hygienic. Plastic has now become almost universal, and the only real question is how to apply it. Plastics are available in self-adhesive sheets, as coatings to plywood or other boards, or as prepared thin sheets for sticking down. There are also plastic paints which are very…

Woodwork For Women
Woodworking

Woodwork For Women

Traditionally, home woodwork has been man’s province. Today, using modern materials and tools, this need no longer be so. Some of the very best fitted furniture has been made entirely by women. The most important difficulty that seems to face a woman who is tempted to tackle the job appears to be a lack of…

Choosing Tools For DIY
Tools

Choosing Tools For DIY

Your tools should be adequate to your needs — whether for general repairs and maintenance or craftsman use. When buying tools, purchase the best you can afford. A few good versatile tools are better than many inferior ones, which will give you poor results, as well as being liable to break or wear out quickly….

Applying laminates
Woodworking

Applying laminates

Decorative laminates are made in a wide range of colours and designs. They provide durable, mostly stain-resistant and easily cleaned surfaces. In addition to plain colours, there is a range of simulated wood and marbled effects, tile patterns and random designs. Decorative laminates are made from several sheets of compressed paper with a core of…