VARNISHING WOODWORK

THE object of varnishing woodwork, whether painted or not, is to give it a glossy, hard surface which dust will not cling. To, and therefore is easily cleaned, and to exclude damp. Being transparent, it does not conceal what it is laid over. The varnishes most commonly used for woodwork are called oil varnishes, because … Read more

SASH CORDS

Sash Cords, Replacing. The replacement of broken or worn sash cords is not so difficult a business as it may appear to anyone who has not tried his hand at it. The beginner is advised, however, to make his first essay on a window with sashes of moderato weight and easily handled. Large sashes with … Read more

Making a Plumb-rule

This simple piece of apparatus is useful for testing the verticalness of walls, posts and other parts of structures. It can be quickly made out of a 6-foot length of floorboard, planed smooth all over and given quite straight and parallel edges. A line is marked with the gauge down the centre from end to … Read more

PAINTING OLD WOODWORK

If the old paint is blistered, and generally in bad condition, the best course is to remove it, and treat the woodwork as new. Burning off with a blowlamp is far the quickest method. The paint is removed with a stripping knife, pushed upwards whenever possible, as fast as the flame softens it sufficiently to … Read more

Nails and Nailing

The wire nail is the most popular form of nail for general use. It has good holding-power and is easier to drive than nails with blunt ends. It can be bought in sizes ranging from 1-6 in. in length, and in various gauges or thicknesses. Its large head makes it difficult to punch in below … Read more

LILY PONDS

LILY PONDS would allow for a larger number of lilies, which should not be planted thicker than one to the square yard of surface area. A LILY pond may be made by lining bottom and sides of an excavation with well-puddled clay of suitable consistency. The sides will be more stable if faced with bricks … Read more

Fretwork

Fretwork, when carried out in good materials from good designs, can be highly artistic, especially when it embraces inlaying and overlaying with metals, xylonite and other hard substances which the fretsaw is able to deal with. To carry it out in a pleasing manner requires a good deal of practice, and much care. The Outfit. … Read more

Reflector For Cooking

This is a modification of the Dutch oven, which at one time was commonly used in front of kitchen ranges. It will be found very useful for heating up food, frying bacon, and roasting cutlets, steaks, or even small joints, in front of an open coal fire or gas fire, if stood on a support … Read more

The Attractively-arranged Table

Lunch or dinner may cause a little more trouble. The hostess should, how-over, only attempt what she can be sure of being able to serve properly. Where only one maid is kept the mistress should see that the table is properly and attractively arranged, and instruct her maid as to how she wants everything served … Read more

DECORATION AND DECORATIVE MATERIALS

ONE of the great advantages of autumn decoration is that it makes possible cheerful rooms at a time when they are needed most. Some will be decorating rooms for the first time – rooms perhaps in new homes that have never yet seen the paperhangers roller or the painters brush. Others will be redecorating old … Read more

Furnishing A Study

Weathered Oak in the Study the study, which may be situated either upstairs or down, according to the accommodation available, should be simply furnished, yet cosy. It should be well lighted, both naturally and artificially, and should give the maximum amount of comfort. One cannot work in a room which is depressing or heavy. Bookshelves … Read more