Uncategorized

Classes of Stains

Wood stains may be divided into (a) Water stains, mixtures of dyes or pigments with water; (b) Spirit stains, having the colouring matter dissolved in turpentine or alcohol; (c) Oil stains, in which the pigments are mixed with linseed oil and turpentine; and (d) Chemical stains, which change the colour of wood by chemical action….

Uncategorized

Water Supply

Assuming that water is drawn from a public supply, it is important to know the position of the stopcock for cutting off the house branch from the main; to have the necessary fork-ended T-iron for turning the cock; and to keep this iron in a place where it cannot be hidden. If a burst occurs…

Uncategorized

Leaks, How to Stop

A hole in a saucepan or kettle may be plugged by means of one set of washers and screw – pot menders – sold by ironmongers for the purpose. As a rule a utensil of thin tinned iron is not worth patching, and examination will show that it has developed many weak places by the…

Uncategorized

Gutters, House

As a great part of the soot, dust, leaves and other rubbish which falls on a roof is washed by rain into the gutters, these will gradually fill up if not cleaned periodically. Leaves are perhaps the chief offenders, especially as regards low roofs near trees. They decay and form mud. A partly-filled gutter may…

Uncategorized

THE CARE AND UPKEEP OF A PRIVATE ELECTRIC LIGHTING PLANT

THE four main items of a private generating plant are: (1) the engine; (2) the dynamo; (3) the switchboard; (4) the battery. As regards the engine. If the makers directions about cleaning, lubrication and the occasional examination of certain parts are followed out, this should give very little trouble. The governor and fuel pump, when…

Uncategorized

Clearing Drains

On the principle that prevention is better than cure, the gratings to all gulleys should be kept in place, and be renewed if they break. Even if the gratings are in good order, dirt may work through them and form deposits which ultimately fill the trap and prevent water flowing. The only course in such…

Uncategorized

HOW TO REMOVE STAINS

Methods of Eradicating Unsightly Marks A STAIN, like dirt, is useful matter in the wrong place. Remedies suggested for the removal of stains caused by various means are given below in alphabetical order for easy reference. As a general principle it may be remarked that the sooner measures are taken for the removal of a…

Uncategorized

CLEANING AND POLISHING

Easy Ways of Doing Difficult Tasks Baking-tins. Fill with fine coal-ashes and warm water, and well shake. Rinse in cold water. If greasy, fill with a strong solution of soap powder, leave for twenty-four hours, and then rinse well. Bamboo Furniture. Clean with a small brush dipped in salt-and-water. Baths. Adherent dirt is readily removed…

Uncategorized

ARRANGING FLOWERS

TO put a bunch of flowers carelessly in a vase is not arranging them. On the contrary, there is a definite art in the arrangement of flowers and foliage. One of the most common faults is to make the flowers look too set. Flowers growing in the garden do not grow at regular intervals with…

Uncategorized

WORK IN THE LAUNDRY

Airing. Everything needs well airing after it has been washed, especially clothes and bed linen. Air the clothes either in the sun, providing it is really hot, or by a fire. To test whether things are aired, put them against a mirror. If the mirror is perfectly clear afterwards, the article is aired, but if…

Uncategorized

Hot Water in abundance

One small bright coke fire in the kitchen gives as much hot water as is required for all household purposes. It will cook anything. Including bread and pastry, and will in addition heat a number of radiators to warm the rest of the houoe. Another cooker and boiler combination is the new Ideal Cookanheat. It…