Growing Apples Successfully

Type of tree: Bush, standard, half-standard, cordon and espalier. Pollination: At least two apple trees are necessary to produce fruit. Climate preferred: Temperate. Aspect: Any. Early cooking apples can be grown against north-facing walls. Ideal Soil: Well-drained ordinary soil which does not dry out excessively in summer. Yield: 10 cordons will produce 20kg (441b) of … Read more

Planting Fruit Trees And Fruit Tree Maintenance

Apples These can be obtained as single stem cordons, espaliers, bushes, pyramids, half-standards and standards. They will grow well in any reasonably good and properly drained soil and like an open, sunny situation with free circulation of air. A few varieties, notably Bramley’s Seedling, Blenheim Orange and Ribston Pippin, are self-sterile, which means that their … Read more

Cultivating Trees, Shrubs, And Climbers (Hardy)

Description. All plants of fully woody character that can be grown outdoors summer and winter. Some varieties are evergreen, i.e. retain their foliage throughout the winter, others are deciduous, i.e. lose their foliage in autumn. There are also half-hardy and tender kinds which can be grown by enthusiasts in a greenhouse,. Soil and Situation. Requirements … Read more

How To Grow Walnuts

Soil and Situation. Walnuts will succeed in most soils that are not waterlogged, or very poor and liable to dry out severely in summer. Prefer open, sunny places. Planting. As for apples. Space trees at least 30 ft. apart. Forms of Training. Almost invariably grown as standards. Often planted for ornament as well as utility. … Read more

Best Soil and Conditions For Strawberries

Soil and Situation. Strawberries succeed best in rich soils. They will grow well in heavy loam if good winter drainage can be assured. Phosphates have a marked effect on growth. Soil should be deeply dug, enriched with manure or compost at 1 cwt. to 12-15 sq. yd., and dusted with basic slag at 6 oz. … Read more

How To Get Good Crop of Raspberries Every Year

Soil and Situation. Raspberries succeed in most soils except those of a very light, dry nature. They appreciate moisture while in growth. Soil must be dug deeply and should be dressed with well-rotted manure at the rate of 1 cwt. to 12 sq. yd., and sulphate of potash at 1 oz. per square yard. Lime … Read more

Growing Plums And Damsons In Cooler Climates

  Soil and Situation. Plums And Damsons succeed best on rather rich, loamy land. Plums and damsons require more nitrogen than apples and are therefore less suitable for ,grass orchards, though certain vigorous varieties, such as Blaisden Red and Pershore, succeed. Lime is beneficial. Sour, poor, and dry, sandy soils are unsuitable. Plums flower early … Read more

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates

Planting and cultivation Success with pears depends largely on your choosing the best possible varieties for your district. The world famous ‘Conference’ and ‘William’s Bon Chretien’ are the best choice for cold, higher altitude areas or exposed coastal districts. The soil should be improved by the addition of plenty of compost. Every early spring feed … Read more

Tips on Peach and Nectarine Cultivation

Soil and Situation. Both peaches and nectarines require a warm, sunny position and good, well-drained soil. In these respects they resemble apricots, and the same general treatment should be observed. They are equally suitable for sunny greenhouses or walls and fences. Planting. This may be done at any time during the dormant period as for … Read more

Growing Medlars

Soil and Situation. Medlars succeed in sunny places and rather rich soils, such as those that suit plums. Planting. From the end of October to mid-March as for apples. Other details are also the same. Trees should be spaced at least 20 ft. apart. Form of Training. Usually grown as a standard but occasionally seen … Read more

Growing Cherries

Soil and Situation. Well-drained, loamy soils or loam over chalk are most suitable. Cherries do not thrive on badly drained soils, heavy clays, nor on light sands. They bloom early and are subject to frost damage. In consequence, very exposed positions or damp valleys liable to catch frost are unsuitable. Soil preparation is the same … Read more

Apples Growing for Food, Cider and Profit

Apples Soil and Situation. Apples succeed on a wide variety of soils and in most parts of the country. Fertilization is usually uncertain at altitudes above 700 ft. In such places latetflowering varieties such as Crawley Beauty, Edward VII, Court Pendu Plat, Royal Jubilee, and Orleans Reinette usually give best results. Devonshire Quarrendon, Keswick Codlin, … Read more

The Care of Red and White Currants

These are both grown in the same way and there are also but seldom seen, pink varieties. Their fruiting habit is quite different from the blackcurrant’s and they, therefore, need quite different pruning. Red currants produce most of their fruit on short spurs on old wood and at the base of new growths. Little is … Read more

The Care of Plums and Gages

Plums and gages may be grown as standards, half-standards, bushes, pyramids and fans. They are unsatisfactory as cordons or espaliers. They do best on deep heavy loam or on a well-drained clay soil. Ex-vegetable plot soil (rich in nitrogen) is excellent. Light soil results in poor fruit quality, brittle branches and a short life. Plums … Read more

The Care Of Pear Trees

Pears blossom a little earlier than apples and therefore there is a slightly higher risk of damage by frost or inadequate pollination because the weather discourages the pollinating insects from flying. They often take somewhat longer than apples to settle down and start fruiting. Pears may be grown in any of the forms in which … Read more

The Care of Peaches and Nectarines

Peaches and nectarines (which are simply a smooth-skinned type of peach) are usually fan-trained against a sunny wall but in the eastern and drier parts of the country peaches (but not nectarines) may be grown as bushes. Most peaches and nectarines are self-fertile and so a single specimen can be quite successful. However, as they … Read more

Feeding And Caring For Apple Trees

Like all other plants fruits have special need for the three major nutritional elements-nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. They also require many other minerals in lesser quantities, some quite minute. ‘Straight’ fertilizers are recommended for the provision of the three major elements-sulphate of ammonia and Nitro-chalk for nitrogen, sulphate of potash for potassium and superphosphate for … Read more