Growing Apples Successfully

Growing Apples Successfully

Type of tree: Bush, standard, half-standard, cordon and espalier. Pollination: At least two apple trees are necessary to produce fruit. Climate preferred: Temperate. Aspect: Any. Early cooking apples can be grown against north-facing walls. Ideal Soil: Well-drained ordinary soil which does not dry out excessively in summer. Yield: 10 cordons will produce 20kg (441b) of…

Climbing Plants

Roses, clematis, jas-mine, wistaria, berbcris, cotoneaster, other climbing shrubs and fruit trees grown on house walls should be provided with trellis or wires to which they may be tied. Driving nails into bricks or joints is very damaging to a Avail, as many an old wall on which gardeners have worked their will for several…

PREPARING FOR GUESTS

IT is said that for comfort, there is no place like home. This does not necessarily mean that the beds and chairs elsewhere are hard, but one gets accustomed to certain things, certain surroundings and routine, and it is the mere fact of not having them that is so unsettling. One is not so free…

Planting Fruit Trees And Fruit Tree Maintenance

Apples These can be obtained as single stem cordons, espaliers, bushes, pyramids, half-standards and standards. They will grow well in any reasonably good and properly drained soil and like an open, sunny situation with free circulation of air. A few varieties, notably Bramley’s Seedling, Blenheim Orange and Ribston Pippin, are self-sterile, which means that their…

Fruit Growing In Smaller Areas

Fruits can be successfully grown in confined spaces, and produce crops within one to three years after planting. While they generally crop best in sunny positions, gooseberries, blackcurrants, raspberries and strawberries grow satisfactorily in light shade. Shelter from cold north and east winds, particularly at flowering time, is necessary to ensure pollination and fruit set….

Bottling Fruit

Bottling sterilizes fruit to prevent contamination from micro-organisms. It is an excellent method of preserving fruit — in a sugar syrup for best results — to retain its flavour. Before the advent of freezers, bottling was one of the most usual methods of preservation: it is now popular again. You may flavour bottled fruit with…

Dried Foods

Textured vegetable protein (TVP) Processed soya bean is used mainly for extending fresh meat. Pearl barley Polished grain, used to thicken soups or included in meat dishes. Oatmeal Dried and husked grain ground to different grades of fineness, and used traditionally in porridge, biscuits and parkin. Rolled oats Crushed, partly cooked grain, used to make…

Choosing Fruit

Fruit provides roughage and citrus fruits are an important source of vitamin C. Buy fresh, firm fruit and eat within a few days. Store in a cool, dry place. All fruit is seasonal but there are good supplies of imported fruit when nothing home-produced is available. Seasonal gluts can produce bargains. In the shops, fruit…

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates

Planting and cultivation Success with pears depends largely on your choosing the best possible varieties for your district. The world famous ‘Conference’ and ‘William’s Bon Chretien’ are the best choice for cold, higher altitude areas or exposed coastal districts. The soil should be improved by the addition of plenty of compost. Every early spring feed…

Growing Medlars

Growing Medlars

Soil and Situation. Medlars succeed in sunny places and rather rich soils, such as those that suit plums. Planting. From the end of October to mid-March as for apples. Other details are also the same. Trees should be spaced at least 20 ft. apart. Form of Training. Usually grown as a standard but occasionally seen…

Blackcurrant Cultivation

Blackcurrant Cultivation

Soil and Situation. Black currants succeed on a wide variety of soils and do not dislike moist conditions, provided their roots do not stand in stagnant water during winter. Flowers are produced early and are liable to be damaged by frost, so hollows which are likely to be frost traps should be avoided. Soil must…

Growing Cherries

Growing Cherries

Soil and Situation. Well-drained, loamy soils or loam over chalk are most suitable. Cherries do not thrive on badly drained soils, heavy clays, nor on light sands. They bloom early and are subject to frost damage. In consequence, very exposed positions or damp valleys liable to catch frost are unsuitable. Soil preparation is the same…

Varieties of Apple

Adam’s Pearmain (D), Dec.-Mar.; Advance (D), Aug.; Allen’s Everlasting (D), Apr.-June; Allington Pippin (D), Oct.-Dec.; American Mother (D), Oct.- Nov.; Annie Elizabeth (C), Dec.-June; Arthur Turner (C), Sept.-Oct.; Ashmead’s Kernel (D), Dec.-Mar.; Astrachan Red (D), Aug. Barnack Beauty (D), Dec.-Apr.; Barnack Orange (D), Nov.-Dec.; Baumann’s Red Winter Reinette (D), Dec.- Jan.; Beauty of Bath (D),…

Lorette Pruning

Lorette Pruning

In addition to the methods described under particular fruits a system of pruning has been devised by a Frenchman, M. Lorette, and bears his name. It is particularly applicable to trained apples and pears and, though primarily designed for the French climate, has proved very successful in some places in this country. The object is…

Moving Fruit Trees

Moving Fruit Trees

One item that sometimes puzzles amateurs is the question of the age at which a fruit tree may be safely moved. There is no rule about this, as so much depends on the history of the tree. In nurseries, trees for sale are frequently moved and induced to form fibrous roots near the main stem….

Kitchen Garden–Setting Up And Maintaining For Self Sufficiency

Kitchen Garden–Setting Up And Maintaining For Self Sufficiency

Productivity of a garden, especially the kitchen garden, rests on maintaining and improving soil fertility and structure. The 3 essentials are: (1) organic manuring (2) liming (3) fertilising Under cultivation the organic soil content is lost more quickly than it is replaced. In light soils this means loss in moisture-retentiveness; in heavy, loss in aeration;…

The Care of Plums and Gages

The Care of Plums and Gages

Plums and gages may be grown as standards, half-standards, bushes, pyramids and fans. They are unsatisfactory as cordons or espaliers. They do best on deep heavy loam or on a well-drained clay soil. Ex-vegetable plot soil (rich in nitrogen) is excellent. Light soil results in poor fruit quality, brittle branches and a short life. Plums…

The Care Of Pear Trees

The Care Of Pear Trees

Pears blossom a little earlier than apples and therefore there is a slightly higher risk of damage by frost or inadequate pollination because the weather discourages the pollinating insects from flying. They often take somewhat longer than apples to settle down and start fruiting. Pears may be grown in any of the forms in which…

Feeding And Caring For Apple Trees

Feeding And Caring For Apple Trees

Like all other plants fruits have special need for the three major nutritional elements-nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. They also require many other minerals in lesser quantities, some quite minute. ‘Straight’ fertilizers are recommended for the provision of the three major elements-sulphate of ammonia and Nitro-chalk for nitrogen, sulphate of potash for potassium and superphosphate for…

Rootstocks for Apples

Rootstocks for Apples

M.9 Most dwarfing of all. A good stock for cordons and dwarf bushes. Usually too dwarfing for espaliers and pyramids. M.26 Less dwarfing than M.9. For small espaliers, dwarf pyramids and for cordons and dwarf bushes where soil is not rich. M.7 and MM.106 Semi-dwarfing, producing trees of moderate size on good soil, often used…

Planting Fruit Trees Tips

Planting Fruit Trees Tips

The planting season for fruits other than strawberries extends from leaf-fall, usually early in November, until the resumption of growth in March or early April but always slightly later in the north. For rapid re-establishment close contact is necessary between the particles of moist soil and the tiny root hairs. This is more likely to…