Soft Fruits — the long term big savers for self sufficient gardeners

The savings you can make by growing your own soft and cane fruits are every bit as great as those you can make by growing your own vegetables. The cash value of the fruit a gooseberry bush will produce in its first year of fruiting will pay for the bush: but if you look after … Read more

Growing Apples Successfully

Type of tree: Bush, standard, half-standard, cordon and espalier. Pollination: At least two apple trees are necessary to produce fruit. Climate preferred: Temperate. Aspect: Any. Early cooking apples can be grown against north-facing walls. Ideal Soil: Well-drained ordinary soil which does not dry out excessively in summer. Yield: 10 cordons will produce 20kg (441b) of … Read more

Planting Fruit Trees And Fruit Tree Maintenance

Apples These can be obtained as single stem cordons, espaliers, bushes, pyramids, half-standards and standards. They will grow well in any reasonably good and properly drained soil and like an open, sunny situation with free circulation of air. A few varieties, notably Bramley’s Seedling, Blenheim Orange and Ribston Pippin, are self-sterile, which means that their … Read more

Tree Planting Techniques

On arrival inspect the tree and cut off any damaged roots and shoots Excavate a hole large enough to take all the roots, insert the stake and then the tree, spreading out the roots. When all the roots have been covered, firm the soil. For trees and shrubs this is best done with the feet, … Read more

Fruit Growing In Smaller Areas

Fruits can be successfully grown in confined spaces, and produce crops within one to three years after planting. While they generally crop best in sunny positions, gooseberries, blackcurrants, raspberries and strawberries grow satisfactorily in light shade. Shelter from cold north and east winds, particularly at flowering time, is necessary to ensure pollination and fruit set. … Read more

Bottling Fruit

Bottling sterilizes fruit to prevent contamination from micro-organisms. It is an excellent method of preserving fruit — in a sugar syrup for best results — to retain its flavour. Before the advent of freezers, bottling was one of the most usual methods of preservation: it is now popular again. You may flavour bottled fruit with … Read more

Dried Foods

Textured vegetable protein (TVP) Processed soya bean is used mainly for extending fresh meat. Pearl barley Polished grain, used to thicken soups or included in meat dishes. Oatmeal Dried and husked grain ground to different grades of fineness, and used traditionally in porridge, biscuits and parkin. Rolled oats Crushed, partly cooked grain, used to make … Read more

Choosing Fruit

Fruit provides roughage and citrus fruits are an important source of vitamin C. Buy fresh, firm fruit and eat within a few days. Store in a cool, dry place. All fruit is seasonal but there are good supplies of imported fruit when nothing home-produced is available. Seasonal gluts can produce bargains. In the shops, fruit … Read more

Best Soil and Conditions For Strawberries

Soil and Situation. Strawberries succeed best in rich soils. They will grow well in heavy loam if good winter drainage can be assured. Phosphates have a marked effect on growth. Soil should be deeply dug, enriched with manure or compost at 1 cwt. to 12-15 sq. yd., and dusted with basic slag at 6 oz. … Read more

How To Get Good Crop of Raspberries Every Year

Soil and Situation. Raspberries succeed in most soils except those of a very light, dry nature. They appreciate moisture while in growth. Soil must be dug deeply and should be dressed with well-rotted manure at the rate of 1 cwt. to 12 sq. yd., and sulphate of potash at 1 oz. per square yard. Lime … Read more

Growing Plums And Damsons In Cooler Climates

  Soil and Situation. Plums And Damsons succeed best on rather rich, loamy land. Plums and damsons require more nitrogen than apples and are therefore less suitable for ,grass orchards, though certain vigorous varieties, such as Blaisden Red and Pershore, succeed. Lime is beneficial. Sour, poor, and dry, sandy soils are unsuitable. Plums flower early … Read more

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates

Planting and cultivation Success with pears depends largely on your choosing the best possible varieties for your district. The world famous ‘Conference’ and ‘William’s Bon Chretien’ are the best choice for cold, higher altitude areas or exposed coastal districts. The soil should be improved by the addition of plenty of compost. Every early spring feed … Read more

Tips on Peach and Nectarine Cultivation

Soil and Situation. Both peaches and nectarines require a warm, sunny position and good, well-drained soil. In these respects they resemble apricots, and the same general treatment should be observed. They are equally suitable for sunny greenhouses or walls and fences. Planting. This may be done at any time during the dormant period as for … Read more

Growing Melons In Colder Climates

Raising and Planting. From the cultural standpoint melons closely resemble cucumbers. They must be grown in greenhouses or frames and are not sufficiently hardy for outdoor culture. Seed should be sown and germinated exactly as for cucumbers. For an early crop, seed may be sown in a heated greenhouse (65°-70°) in January, but most amateurs … Read more

Growing Medlars

Soil and Situation. Medlars succeed in sunny places and rather rich soils, such as those that suit plums. Planting. From the end of October to mid-March as for apples. Other details are also the same. Trees should be spaced at least 20 ft. apart. Form of Training. Usually grown as a standard but occasionally seen … Read more

Growing Cherries

Soil and Situation. Well-drained, loamy soils or loam over chalk are most suitable. Cherries do not thrive on badly drained soils, heavy clays, nor on light sands. They bloom early and are subject to frost damage. In consequence, very exposed positions or damp valleys liable to catch frost are unsuitable. Soil preparation is the same … Read more

Growing Apricots In Cooler Climates

Soil and Situation. Apricots require a sheltered, sunny position and rather rich, well-drained soil. Extra drainage, with rubble buried 2 ft. beneath surface, may be necessary. They are usually grown against south or south-west walls or in sunny greenhouses. Borders are specially prepared. If the natural soil is very heavy or sandy, it is removed … Read more

Varieties of Apple

Adam’s Pearmain (D), Dec.-Mar.; Advance (D), Aug.; Allen’s Everlasting (D), Apr.-June; Allington Pippin (D), Oct.-Dec.; American Mother (D), Oct.- Nov.; Annie Elizabeth (C), Dec.-June; Arthur Turner (C), Sept.-Oct.; Ashmead’s Kernel (D), Dec.-Mar.; Astrachan Red (D), Aug. Barnack Beauty (D), Dec.-Apr.; Barnack Orange (D), Nov.-Dec.; Baumann’s Red Winter Reinette (D), Dec.- Jan.; Beauty of Bath (D), … Read more

Apples Growing for Food, Cider and Profit

Apples Soil and Situation. Apples succeed on a wide variety of soils and in most parts of the country. Fertilization is usually uncertain at altitudes above 700 ft. In such places latetflowering varieties such as Crawley Beauty, Edward VII, Court Pendu Plat, Royal Jubilee, and Orleans Reinette usually give best results. Devonshire Quarrendon, Keswick Codlin, … Read more

Suckers and Bands on Fruit Trees

All fruit trees and bushes are liable to produce suckers. These are not necessarily harmful. That depends partly upon whether the trees are grafted or on their own roots. Most apples, pears, plums, damsons, cherries, peaches, nectarines, and apricots are grafted, or budded, which is simply a form of grafting. The roots are provided by … Read more

Lorette Pruning

In addition to the methods described under particular fruits a system of pruning has been devised by a Frenchman, M. Lorette, and bears his name. It is particularly applicable to trained apples and pears and, though primarily designed for the French climate, has proved very successful in some places in this country. The object is … Read more

Moving Fruit Trees

One item that sometimes puzzles amateurs is the question of the age at which a fruit tree may be safely moved. There is no rule about this, as so much depends on the history of the tree. In nurseries, trees for sale are frequently moved and induced to form fibrous roots near the main stem. … Read more

The Function Of Berries

A great many plants, particularly shrubs and trees, grow their seeds in the form of berries. Shrub berries generally present little difficulty in raising, but they cannot be hurried too much. The natural way with such seeds is for the berry to be carried some distance by birds. It may then be dropped, or the … Read more

Kitchen Garden–Setting Up And Maintaining For Self Sufficiency

Productivity of a garden, especially the kitchen garden, rests on maintaining and improving soil fertility and structure. The 3 essentials are: (1) organic manuring (2) liming (3) fertilising Under cultivation the organic soil content is lost more quickly than it is replaced. In light soils this means loss in moisture-retentiveness; in heavy, loss in aeration; … Read more

The Care of Red and White Currants

These are both grown in the same way and there are also but seldom seen, pink varieties. Their fruiting habit is quite different from the blackcurrant’s and they, therefore, need quite different pruning. Red currants produce most of their fruit on short spurs on old wood and at the base of new growths. Little is … Read more

The Care of Plums and Gages

Plums and gages may be grown as standards, half-standards, bushes, pyramids and fans. They are unsatisfactory as cordons or espaliers. They do best on deep heavy loam or on a well-drained clay soil. Ex-vegetable plot soil (rich in nitrogen) is excellent. Light soil results in poor fruit quality, brittle branches and a short life. Plums … Read more

The Care Of Pear Trees

Pears blossom a little earlier than apples and therefore there is a slightly higher risk of damage by frost or inadequate pollination because the weather discourages the pollinating insects from flying. They often take somewhat longer than apples to settle down and start fruiting. Pears may be grown in any of the forms in which … Read more

The Care of Peaches and Nectarines

Peaches and nectarines (which are simply a smooth-skinned type of peach) are usually fan-trained against a sunny wall but in the eastern and drier parts of the country peaches (but not nectarines) may be grown as bushes. Most peaches and nectarines are self-fertile and so a single specimen can be quite successful. However, as they … Read more

Feeding And Caring For Apple Trees

Like all other plants fruits have special need for the three major nutritional elements-nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. They also require many other minerals in lesser quantities, some quite minute. ‘Straight’ fertilizers are recommended for the provision of the three major elements-sulphate of ammonia and Nitro-chalk for nitrogen, sulphate of potash for potassium and superphosphate for … Read more

Rootstocks for Apples

M.9 Most dwarfing of all. A good stock for cordons and dwarf bushes. Usually too dwarfing for espaliers and pyramids. M.26 Less dwarfing than M.9. For small espaliers, dwarf pyramids and for cordons and dwarf bushes where soil is not rich. M.7 and MM.106 Semi-dwarfing, producing trees of moderate size on good soil, often used … Read more

Planting Fruit Trees Tips

The planting season for fruits other than strawberries extends from leaf-fall, usually early in November, until the resumption of growth in March or early April but always slightly later in the north. For rapid re-establishment close contact is necessary between the particles of moist soil and the tiny root hairs. This is more likely to … Read more

Gathering, Harvesting And Storing Vegetables And Fruit

Having gone to so much trouble to grow your crops well, you should also be at pains to ensure that they are stored properly. This way you can extend the season of your vegetables and fruit to its utmost limit. Fruit Apples and pears are the principal garden fruits grown for storing and for use … Read more