DIY | Uncategorized

Basic plumbing skills

A prerequisite of success in virtually any do-it-yourself plumbing project is a sound understanding of the existing plumbing system of the house. The cold water distribution systems, hot water supply systems and above-ground drainage systems in common use in the United Kingdom are described and explained below. Cold water distribution A communication pipe connects the…

DIY | Uncategorized

Self-build

According to Government figures, about 10,000 families build their own homes every year. This is more houses than are built by Wimpey, and nearly as many as are put up by Barratts – and the number is growing. The building industry has its ups and downs, but for the last ten years the number of…

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Know your central heating

How big should a central heating system be? Well obviously no bigger than it has to be. Over-sizing can result in waste of fuel and an unnecessarily costly installation. Under-sizing results in complaints of lack of temperature and too little hot water. Complaints of lack of performance are very difficult to answer, particularly if you…

DIY | Uncategorized

Bricks and blocks

Clay is the most common brick material. Commonly used is ‘fletton’ clay and the manufacturing method is ‘wire-cut’. Strong and durable. Some clay bricks are still made by hand. Calcium silicate An alternative material (also called ‘sand lime’). Smoother and lighter in colour than clay. Concrete Moulded concrete bricks in a variety of colours and…

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LAMP FITTINGS

LAMPS are held in holders designed either to be suspended on the end of flexible conductors or to be screwed to bho ceiling or a rigid fitting. A holder consists of a brass casing in two parts, held together by a screwed collar and an internal porcelain base. The base includes two projecting spring terminals,…

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LAMPS

THE gas-filled lamp has now largely superseded the vacuum lamp, as it emits a whiter light and is more efficient: that is, gives more light proportionately to the electrical energy used. The bulb, after being exhausted of air during manufacture, is filled to half atmospheric pressure with a gas called argon, which is unable to…

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IDENTIFYING FUSES

IT is important to know which lamps are suppliel through any particular pair of fuses. If the information is not already given on the fuse-box, and the fuses are not even numbered, the following course is advised. First, make sure that there is a lamp in every holder in the house, or at least one…

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ELECTRIC LIGHT IN THE HOME

LIGHTING current is brought into a house by two conductors connected with the street mains . Immediately after entering, the conductors are connected to a pair of fuses controlled by the company. Beyond this they run (one has to traverse the companys meter on the way) to a double-pole main switch, the opening of which…

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LIGHTING

LIGHTING going up and coming down stairs that cannot be distinctly seen. The lounge orliving-room has to be lit for two purposes – which we will call General and Intimate. General lighting is required when the whole room is in use, as when you are entertaining or at other times when a number of people…

Electrical

Electrical DIY Work

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 1 Electricity can kill. Treat it with respect. 2 If unsure about the safety of any equipment, consult an electrician. 3 Remove plugs before examining equipment and switch off at the mains before working on fixed equipment. 4 Do not overload circuits by using too many adaptors. 5 Do not use wall switches…

Wiring a ring circuit
Electrical

Wiring a ring circuit

A ring circuit is a multi-outlet power circuit which may supply an unlimited number of 13-amp plugs, socket outlets and fixed appliances but is limited to supplying an area not exceeding 1000 sq ft (100 sq. m). Where the floor area exceeds this, more than one ring circuit is necessary. It is wise to install…

DIY Dangers – Hazards for the do-it-yourselfer
Home Safety

DIY Dangers – Hazards for the do-it-yourselfer

Accidents occur frequently during do-it-yourself or leisure activities, when attention is concentrated on the job, and sensible precautions often forgotten. Over-reaching to do just that little bit more, finding out it is too much, can cause home accidents. Painting and decorating Check that the ladder is in good order, that rungs are not weak or…

Repairing and Maintaining Refrigerators and Freezers
Electrical

Repairing and Maintaining Refrigerators and Freezers

Refrigerators and freezers are designed to keep perishable foods for varying lengths of time by storing them under suitable conditions and at the right temperature. The appliances work by means of a liquid refrigerant flowing through tubes which vapourizes into a gas and absorbs the heat from its surroundings — the freezing unit and refrigerator;…

Storage fan heaters
Electrical

Storage fan heaters

A storage fan heater resembles in appearance a storage radiator, but it is generally larger and has an inlet and outlet grille. The fan heater is normally of a higher loading and contains a tangential fan. This draws in cold air which passes through ducting in the storage casing and over the storage blocks, where…