Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

yellow fever

Viral infection prevalent in Central and South America and Africa, which occurs in Western Europe in travellers from these areas. The virus multiplies in the Aedes mosquito, and for the rest of its life span the insect can transmit the virus to man. There are two kinds of yellow fever, the urban variety, in which…

Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

wart (verruca)

Benign swelling of the skin that results from a virus infection. Warts measure anything from a few millimetres to a few centimetres in diameter and can occur anywhere on the skin. A wart begins as a small excrescence of the upper layers of the skin. This swelling expands into a small growth typically resembling a…

Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

Weight loss

Persistent decrease in body weight, in medical terms including only abnormal cases, not justifiable or desired weight loss. Weight loss can have many causes, by no means all of them dependent on conditions of the digestive organs. The conditions which may be responsible can be divided into two principal groups: malabsorption (difficulties in absorbing food…

Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

Weil’s disease (leptospirosis)

Disease caused by the bacterium Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae, which usually infects rodents living in the wild. This disease occurs the world over. The animals, mainly brown rats, excrete the bacterium along with their urine. The bacteria survive better in fresh water and the chances of humans becoming infected are greatest in a damp area where there…

Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

welder’s eye

Acute inflammation of the cornea as a result of exposure of the eye to ultraviolet radiation, as from arc welding and UV lamps; a form of ophthalmia. It causes damage to the cornea which becomes evident 6 to 12 hours after exposure to the UV light. The eye can also be exposed to excessive quantities…

Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

Whitlow

Inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue of the fingers which has spread to the bone of the phalanx. The condition is caused by bacteria (usually in association with an inadequately disinfected cut) which establish themselves in the marrow of the phalanx bones. The symptoms are pain in the affected finger and sometimes slight fever, and a…

Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

Vertebral disc disorders

Conditions relating to the elastic discs of cartilage between the spinal vertebrae. The spinal column derives its flexilibity from these discs. These disorders are frequently accompanied by vertebral conditions. They usually lead to a restriction in the mobility of the spinal column and are often combined with pain. The best-known vertebral disc condition is dorsal…