How to build a rodent fence
DIY

How to build a rodent fence

If you garden in a rural area where visits by rabbits, squirrels, gophers, and moles are quite frequent, you may save yourself some work and grief by building a fence like this around your lot, your vegetable garden, or around your most valued plants. Here are the materials you would need to build a rodent-proof…

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COOKING BY OIL

IN remote places oil is the only means of cooking without using a coal fire. Oil stoves have been brought to such perfection that the most elaborate cooking can be done quite as well in an oil cooker as in any other stove. Fitted with oil containers at both ends, these stoves have an oven,…

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COOKING BY ELECTRICITY

How to Get the Best Results by the Most Modern Method MANY modern homes are equipped with the latest electric cooking ranges and appliances, and the housewife needs to know something about their management to be able to use them efficiently. Three great advantages will be appreciated. The electric cooking range reduces labour to a…

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Sand Windmill

This toy is worked by a small stream of sand trickling from a hopper on to a wheel shaped like a miniature watcrwheel and compelling the wheel to turn by its weight. The general principles and arrangement of the mill will be gathered from Figs. 1 and 2. The case used for the mill in…

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TOY-MAKING

Box Kite. For steadiness and ability to fly in even a light breeze there is nothing to beat the cellular or box form of kite. It has two boxes, each with four faces, the length of a face being 1 ½ times the depth. The two boxes are separated by a space equal to their…

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Fumigating Oak

Oak can be darkened permanently by exposing it to the fumes of ammonia gas. Small articles made of the wood may be enclosed in a large box with well-fitting lid, along with saucers into which liquid ammonia – the gas dissolved in water – has been poured. The joint between be: and lid should be…

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Classes of Stains

Wood stains may be divided into (a) Water stains, mixtures of dyes or pigments with water; (b) Spirit stains, having the colouring matter dissolved in turpentine or alcohol; (c) Oil stains, in which the pigments are mixed with linseed oil and turpentine; and (d) Chemical stains, which change the colour of wood by chemical action….

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Screwdrivers

At least three screw-drivers should be kept, one for large, one for medium, and one for small screws. If its point is wider than the head of the screw, a screwdriver will damage the wood round the head as the screw goes home. On the other hand, trying to force in a large screw with…

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JOINTS IN WOODWORK

HALVED or halving joints in their various forms are much used in joinery for connecting two parts of the same thickness. The cross halving gives the parts a firm grip on each other and prevents either moving. In marking out, the gauge is set to half the depth of the pieces,which are marked on both…

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Water Supply

Assuming that water is drawn from a public supply, it is important to know the position of the stopcock for cutting off the house branch from the main; to have the necessary fork-ended T-iron for turning the cock; and to keep this iron in a place where it cannot be hidden. If a burst occurs…

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Truing oilstones

When an oilstone becomes hollow and uneven with use, it may be given a time surface again by rubbing it on a flat iron surface sprinkled over with emery powder and water. More emery and water are added as needed. Or it may be rubbed on a sheet of emery cloth fixed firmly to a…

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TOOL SHARPENING

PLANE irons, chisels and gouges require occasional grinding and frequent sharpening. Grinding is done on a circular grindstone or emery wheel, with water as lubricant and cooling agent, to produce a uniform bevel of about 25 degrees. The stone or wheel should turn towards the edge of the tool, both to keep it flooded with…

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Boring tools

Besides an assortment of gimlets and bradawls, fairly advanced woodworking will call for a brace to hold the narrow spoon or pin bits needed for making small holes up to ½ inch diameter in hard wood or deep holes in all kinds of wood; centre-bits from ½ inch to 1 I inch across for boring…

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A Garden Swing.

The length of a tread is 18 inches. In this ladder the sides are vertical. To mark out a side piece, draw on the floor a centre line and two parallel lines across and at right angles to it, 24 inches apart. Make a mark on one line inches from the centre line, and another…

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Step-ladders

A step-ladder, or pair of steps, as it is otherwise called, is an important item of the household equipment which any amateur joiner of fair skill can easily put together. For the sides are wanted two 4-foot 3-inch lengths of wood measuring 4 inches by $ inch after planing. The top, A, is 18 inches…

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Saws and their Uses

Saws are important – and often much-abused – items of a household tool equipment. The professional includes in his outfit a rip saw, with large forward-raking teeth for ripping, that is, cutting along the grain; a cross-culling saw, with smaller teeth, set slightly back in front, for cutting across the grain; a panel saiv, with…

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Making a Plumb-rule

This simple piece of apparatus is useful for testing the verticalness of walls, posts and other parts of structures. It can be quickly made out of a 6-foot length of floorboard, planed smooth all over and given quite straight and parallel edges. A line is marked with the gauge down the centre from end to…

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PAINTING OLD WOODWORK

If the old paint is blistered, and generally in bad condition, the best course is to remove it, and treat the woodwork as new. Burning off with a blowlamp is far the quickest method. The paint is removed with a stripping knife, pushed upwards whenever possible, as fast as the flame softens it sufficiently to…

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ABOUT PAINTS

THE ingredients of ordinary paints are white lead or zinc white; raw or boiled linseed oil, or both; turpentine; driers; and, in the case of coloured paints, pigment. The first is the base, or chief protective material; the oil enables the base to be distributed by the brush, and when it dries, that is, hardens…

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Nails and Nailing

The wire nail is the most popular form of nail for general use. It has good holding-power and is easier to drive than nails with blunt ends. It can be bought in sizes ranging from 1-6 in. in length, and in various gauges or thicknesses. Its large head makes it difficult to punch in below…

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Mangles

A mangle should not be used as a wringer, since repeated damping may split the rollers sooner or later, and in any case will roughen their surfaces, and so make them much less efficient for their proper work of producing a polish on practically dry articles. Mangling should be regarded as a substitute for ironing,…

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Door Knobs

Knobs should be attached to the spindle, not to their roses, which are liable to pull off if much strain is put on the screws, and the last must be short in the case of mortise locks. The ordinary grub-scrow attachment, that is, a short screw passing through the base of the knob into one…

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Mortise Locks

Fitting a mortise lock, is a more difficult matter. Lay the lock right way up, against one face of the door, with the knob spindle and key-. hole in the horizontal centre hue of the middle rail. Then mark the doors edge at points level with the top and bottom of the locks casing. Square…

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LILY PONDS

LILY PONDS would allow for a larger number of lilies, which should not be planted thicker than one to the square yard of surface area. A LILY pond may be made by lining bottom and sides of an excavation with well-puddled clay of suitable consistency. The sides will be more stable if faced with bricks…

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Leaks, How to Stop

A hole in a saucepan or kettle may be plugged by means of one set of washers and screw – pot menders – sold by ironmongers for the purpose. As a rule a utensil of thin tinned iron is not worth patching, and examination will show that it has developed many weak places by the…

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LAYING CLEANING LINOLEUM

LINOLEUM is a mixture of oxydized linseed oil, resins, cork-dust and other substances, rolled out on a backing of canvas. It is either monochrome (self-coloured) or patterned. A pattern may be either printed on the surface of a monochrome sheet or go right through to the backing. Through patterned or inlaid linoleum is more expensive…

Lawn Mowers
Accessories and Tools

Lawn Mowers

Once your new grass – whether grown from seed or turf – has reached a height of 5 cm (2 in) it can be cut lightly with a mower to reduce it to 2.5 cm (1 in). This first cut should be made when the grass is perfectly dry, and the clippings should be collected…

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Ladders

Ladders which will be much exposed to the weather should be kept well painted, especially at the ends of the rungs, which are their most vulnerable points. If a ladder is so long that it cannot be housed under cover, it should be hung on spikes driven into a wall, and protected from the rain…

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Soldering

All surfaces which will be soldered should have been well cleaned beforehand and tinned with the very fusible bismuth solder that must be used for the purpose. Dont have the bit very hot, for fear of melting the zinc; and while soldering press the parts together to make a good joint. Solder over all heads…

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Gutters, House

As a great part of the soot, dust, leaves and other rubbish which falls on a roof is washed by rain into the gutters, these will gradually fill up if not cleaned periodically. Leaves are perhaps the chief offenders, especially as regards low roofs near trees. They decay and form mud. A partly-filled gutter may…

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Cutting Glass

Glass is cut with either a diamond or a tiny sharp-edged and very hard steel wheel. The diamond is undoubtedly the finer tool, especially for thick glass. But a glaziers diamond costs a pound or more, whereas a first-class steel-wheel cutter can be bought for a shilling or eighteenpence, including a few spare wheels. In…

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BUILDING A GARAGE

THE conveniences of having a motor car to use are seriously lessened if the car has to be housed in a public garage, or in a hired lock-up garage some distance away. And the oftener the car is needed, the more is the handicap felt. From the financial point of view alone it is worth…

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Fretwork

Fretwork, when carried out in good materials from good designs, can be highly artistic, especially when it embraces inlaying and overlaying with metals, xylonite and other hard substances which the fretsaw is able to deal with. To carry it out in a pleasing manner requires a good deal of practice, and much care. The Outfit….

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FLOOR TREATMENTS

FLOOR holes bored for the saw should be filled in – plastic wood should be used if available – before the board is screwed down. Patching a Worn Floor The old boards can have pieces cut out of them in the manner already described. The new parts will need bevelling at the ends to make…

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Fences and Gates, Garden

The cheapest form of fencing, after plain post-and-wire, is that of split chestnut, sold ready for fixing in long lengths by any timber merchant. The wire spacing the bars and holding them together is stapled at intervals to posts, upon the durability of which largely depends that of the fence. The posts sold with the…

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THE CARE AND UPKEEP OF A PRIVATE ELECTRIC LIGHTING PLANT

THE four main items of a private generating plant are: (1) the engine; (2) the dynamo; (3) the switchboard; (4) the battery. As regards the engine. If the makers directions about cleaning, lubrication and the occasional examination of certain parts are followed out, this should give very little trouble. The governor and fuel pump, when…