Sight Development in children

Sight. The childs eyesight is still imperfectly developed at this age; the eyes are under-focused, and are not fitted to deal with close work Buch as reading, writing, needlework. At the age of seven, only about one child in three has normal vision. For this reason, all reading, writing and need lowork should be done with very large materials.

Marked eye defects, such as short-sightedness or astigmatism usually declare themselves after soven, but it is well to be on the look-out for any sign3 of weakness, i.e.. squinting, screwing up the forehead and eyelids in strong fight, headache or pain behind the eyes.

Sleep. The hours of sleep required decrease as the child grows older, but not so rapidly as common practice would suggest. Between 3 and 7, children require at least 12 hours sleep daiby; and recent investigations seem to indicate that the energy used up by school work makes the time needed for sleep as great during at least the first two years of school life (5-7) as in the two years before.

If a child is a long time going off to sleep at night, or wakes very early, a causo should be sought. It may be overfeeding or underfeeding, too little fresh air or exercise, overwork at school – this is quite possible even at the infant school stage. Any signs of agitated talking in sleep, or sleepwalking, should be investigated.