Addison, Joseph (1672-1719)— The most noted essay writer in modern English. Wrote for Spectator, and also has the opera ‘Cato’ to his credit.

Archimedes (212-187 B.C.) — The Greek philosopher who discovered the principle of the displacement of water, invented the spiral pump and endless screw.

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.).

Taught Alexander the Great and wrote books on physics and logic.

Arkwright, Sir Richard (1723-1792).

A Preston barber, who invented the spinning frame.

Bach, John Sebastian (1085-1750).

Wrote Passion Music. Had eleven sons, all of whom were musicians.

Bacon, Sir Francis (1561-1626).

Statesman and philosopher. Wrote books dealing with learning and with science particularly.

Bacon, Roger (1214-1294).

A priest and Oxford scholar, reputedly a wizard, but in reality the first serious English scientist. Made many notable experiments— particularly with gunpowder.

Beethoven, Ludwig von (1770-1825).

One of Germany’s most famous musical composers. Wrote the ‘Moonlight’ and ‘Kreutzer’ sonatas.

Cabot, John and Sebastian.

Venetians by birth, who started from Bristol in the pay of Henry VII, and discovered Newfoundland in 1497.

Caxton, William (1422-1491)— A Westminster merchant trading on the Continent, who introduced printing into England.

Chaucer, Geoffrey (1340-1410). —

Called ‘The Father of English Poetry.’ Wrote ‘Canterbury Tales.’ Chopin, Frederic (1809-1849). —

The famous composer who composed the ‘Marche Funebrc.’ Cid (Don Rodrigo Diaz, Count de Rivar,< 1026 – 1099). — The national hero of Spain. Is said to have expelled the Moors from Spain before his twenty-first year.

Cimabue (1240-1300). —

The famous Florentine painter who was called ‘The Father of Modern Painting.’ Columbus, Christopher.

A Genoese, who, at the instance of Isabella of Spain, sailed West and discovered the Bahamas, in 1492. He did not reach the mainland of America until later.

Cook, James (1728-1779).

The famous explorer and mariner who made discoveries in the Antipodes. Murdered in Hawaii.

Crompton, Samuel (1753— 1827) Developed the ‘Mule’ spinning machine, from a combination of Arkwright’s water frame, and Hargreaves’ Jenny.

Dante, Alighieri (1265-1321) .

The greatest of the Florentine poets; friend of Petrarch and Giotto. Was exiled from Florence for political reasons. Inspired writer of ‘The Divine Comedy.’

Darwin, Charles (1809-1882)— Scientist and Philosopher Wrote ‘The Origin of Species’ and ‘The Descent of Man.’

Davy, Sir Humphry (1778-1829).

Industrious scientific experimenter with the steam engine. Also invented miners’ safety lamp.

Diogenes (414-322 B.C.).

The greatest of the sect known as the Cynics. Tradition credits him with living in a tub.

Drake, Sir Francis (1538-1596).

Renowned explorer during the reign of Elizabeth. Circumnavigated the globe, made extensive geographical discoveries, and shamelessly plundered the Spaniards. Vice-Admiral under Lord Howard of Effingham at the time of the Armada.

Edison, Thomas Alva (1847-1931).

Is credited with the invention of more than 400 useful articles, including incandescent electric light and the gramophone.

Erasmus, Desiderius (1466-153G).

Famous Dutch philosopher, friend of Sir Thomas More, Is said to have ‘laid the egg which Luther hatched.’

Faraday, Professor Michael (1791-1867).

The famous scientist who made numerous discoveries dealing with electrical and magnetic phenomena.

Galileo (1564-1642) .

Taught that the earth revolves on its own axis, for which he suffered much persecution.

Gutenberg, Johannes (1400-1468).

Invented printing in 1457.

Halley, Sir Edmond (1656-1742).

The famous Astronomer Royal who mapped the path of Halley’s Comet and first understood the causes of Trade Winds.

Handel, Georg Friedrik (1685- 175!)).

Composer of ‘The

Messiah,’ ‘Israel in Egypt,’ ‘The Harmonious Blacksmith.’ Harvey, William (1578-1657)— Tutor to Charles II and James II, and discoverer of the Circulation of the blood.

Herodotus (484-408 B .C.) .

An Asiatic Greek from Hali-carnasus, who is described as ‘ ‘The Father of History.’’ He was the first of the ancients to possess the ‘journalistic’ mind.

Holbein, Hans (1498-1554).

Famous German painter who settled here and became Court painter to Henry VIII. Friend of Erasmus and Sir Thomas More.


If he ever existed, flourished somewhere about the tenth century before Christ. He is probably a compound of all Greek tradition and represents a series of bards, rather than one. He, is credited with the ‘Iliad.’

Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825-1895).

Explained in popular terms the Darwinian Theory.

Jenner, Edward (1749-1823).

Introduced the system of inoculation and vaccination as a preventative of zymotic diseases.

Johnson, Dr. Samuel (1709-1784).

The leader of 18th century-literary fashion, and author of the first serious English Dictionary.

Kepler, Johannes (1571-1630). —

Philosopher and astronomer.

Lawrence, Sir Thomas (1769-1830).

The son of a publican, who became one of the foremost English portrait painters. President of the Royal Academy, 1820.

Leonardo Da Vinci (1445-1520).

The most versatile of the Old Masters—Artist, Draughtsman, Architect, Medico and Scientist, and Statesman.

Linnaeus (Linne) (1707-1778)— A Swedish scientist, who made a careful classification of plants, which has become the botanical standard.

Lister, Lord (1827-1912).

Introduced antiseptic surgery.

Liszt, Franz (1811-1886).

An author, composer and pianist. Became a Trappist monk.

Livingstone, David (1813-1873).

Explorer and Missionary who made extensive geographical discoveries in Central Africa, mostly in the exploring of the Great Lakes. The Stanley expedition was intended to find him.

Marconi, Senatore Guglielmo (Born 1874).

The famous Italian scientist who invented the system of Wireless Telegraphy.

Mendelssohn -Bartholdy, F. (1809-1848).

The famous German 2-

Jewish composer who composed the well-known ‘Songs without Words’ and ‘The Elijah.’ Michael Angelo (Buonarroti) (147-1-1504).

The famous Florentine painter, sculptor and architect. His greatest work is in the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican.

Mozart, Wolfgang (1756-1791). —

Brilliant young German composer who wrote ‘Mithridates.’ Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1726).

The discoverer of the Laws of Gravitation. He had no serious critic until the Theories of Prof. Einstein were propounded.

Pasteur, Louis (1822-1895).

A prolific scientific discoverer. Discovered treatments for Anthrax and Hydrophobia, and also certain principles of sterilization.

Priestley, Joseph (1733-1804). ¦—Scientist and doctor. Discovered Oxygen.

Raffael, Sanzio (1483-1520).

The most famous painter of the Roman School. He made a critical study of anatomy — hence his paintings of the human figure have never been surpassed.

Raleigh, Sir Walter (1552- 1618).

Famous Elizabethan courtier and discoverer. First sailed up the Orinoco. Was beheaded in the reign of James I. Whilst in the Tower, wrote a noted History of the World.

Reynolds, Sir Joshua (1723-1792).

Famous portrait painter who became President of the Royal Academy in 1768. Wrote ‘Anatomical Discourses.’

Rubens, Peter Paul (1577-1640).

A Flemish artist who became Court painter to Charles I, and is also said to have executed several difficult diplomatic errands.

Ruskin, John (1819-1900).

Traveller, Art Critic and Social Reformer. Author of ‘Stones of Venice,’ ‘The Seven Lamps of Architecture,’ etc.

Shakespeare, William (1564-1616).

Generally acknowledged to be the world’s greatest dramatist. Was an actor in the Lord Chamberlain’s Company, and eventually became one of the licensees of the Globe Theatre, Southwark. Buried in Trinity Church, Stratford-on-Avon (his native town).

Sophocles (B.C. 495-405).

One of the most noted of Greek tragic poets. Wrote ‘Antigone’ and ‘Electra.’ Stanley, Sir H. M. (1840-1904).

A poor English boy who went out to New Orleans and was befriended by a gentleman who had him educated. He joined the staff of the New York Herald, by which paper he was sent in 1871 to find Livingstone, lost in Africa. This he did and later made dic-coveries himself in Africa.

Stephenson, George (1781-1848.)—Constructed the first satisfactory steam locomotive.

Sullivan, Sir Arthur (1842-1900).

The composer who, in collaboration with Sir. W. S. Gilbert, wrote the inimitable ‘Savoy Operas.’ Thales (040-545 B.C.).

The Greek philosopher who first propounded the theory of the spherical form of the earth.

Titian (Tiziano Vecelli da Cadore) (1477-1576).— The most famous of all Venetian painters.

Van Dyck, Sir Anthony (1599-1641).

The greatest portrait painter of the 17th century. A Flemish artist settled in London. He painted an amazing number of portraits, including numerous ones of Charles I and his family.

Vasco Da Gama (1469-1525) .

The Portugese navigator who first doubled the Cape of Good Hope. He founded Natal on a Christmas Day—hence its name.

Verdi, Giuseppe (1813-1901).

One of the greatest of the Italian operatic composers. Wrote ‘Rigoletto,’ ‘II Trovatore,’ etc.

Virgil (70-19 B.C.).

Known as the Latin Homer. Wrote the ‘ /Eneid,’ the adventures of /Eneas after the fall of Troy.

Wagner, Wilhelm Richard (1813-1883) .

The greatest German composer. Wrote in a somewhat grandiose and florid style, his subjects being early Teutonic and Scandinavian traditions. Amongst his operas are ‘Parsifal,’ ‘Der Ring des Nibelungen,’ ‘Tann-hauser’ and ‘Lohengrin.’

Watt, James (1736-1819).

Invented the first practical steam engine.

Weber, Carl von (1785-1826).

A once popular composer, whose best known work is ‘Invitation to the Waltz.’