Always keep in a safe dry place any oddments of paint and paper etc. left over from decorating. They are invaluable for small repairs and ‘touching up’.
Cracks in painted walls and ceilings should be scraped out first to clear all loose material, then filled with a proprietary filler, using a flexible filling knife. When the crack is dry, sand it smooth and repaint to match the existing decoration. Larger holes should be filled in layers, allowing each to dry before applying the next. If a hole is very large, you may first have to plug it with some dampened crumpled newspaper or rag. You may find that the best way to conceal cracks between the top of the wall and the ceiling is to add a coving made from polystyrene; this is simply glued in place and painted to match the existing decoration.
Repairs to paintwork
Fill small chips with a proprietary tiller and then sand smooth before touching up to match the surrounding surface. You may find that you have to paint a whole section of woodwork, as a touched up area can show up as rather noticeably bright, particularly if the original shade was white, which tends to yellow after a while. Blisters in paintwork can be cut out with a sharp knife; then you should prime the wood beneath before filling, allowing to dry, sanding and repainting.
Knots may show up as brown marks under a paint film, and resin may start to seep through. Sand or scrape away the paint film, then paint the surface of the knot with a branded shellac knotting liquid to seal in the resin. When dry, repaint to match the surrounding area.
First tear away the paper around the damaged area, then cut a matching piece of paper slightly larger than the damaged area. Tear around its edges to ‘feather’ them, which makes the patch less noticeable. Stick the patch in place over the damaged area using wallpaper paste and taking care to match the pattern, then press down edges well using a clean dry cloth or wallpaper seam roller.
Tear away damaged area of wallpaper. Then, from a spare piece, cut a new section slightly larger than the damaged area, matching the pattern carefully. Tear around the edges of the new patch to feather’ them and make joins less noticeable. Stick down the patch over the damaged area, matching the pattern. here seams are lifting loose, ease a little wallpaper paste underneath with a slim paintbrush and smooth down with a seam roller or small, clean sponge. Vinyls will not stick to themselves, so vinyl overlaps must be stuck down with latex adhesive.
Patching vinyls, wallfabrics etc
These cannot be torn. So cut a piece slightly larger than the damaged area, and place it over that area, taking care to match any pattern – this is very important. Now use a sharp knife to cut through the replacement piece close to its 161 162 edges and through the original wallcovering. Then remove the patch, peel away the damaged wallcovering, and fix the new patch exactly into place with the appropriate adhesive.
Replacing a damaged walltile
Rake out the grout around the damaged tile, using a screwdriver or a metal skewer, then gently break the old tile, using chisel and hammer, and working from the centre outwards. Work very carefully to avoid damaging any other tiles surrounding the damaged one. Remove all remnants of the old tile adhesive, and fix a spare matching tile into position with tile adhesive. Make sure that the level is the same as that of the surrounding tiles. If you do not have a matching spare tile, try replacing several tiles with ones of the same size, to give a random pattern effect. When the adhesive is dry, regrout the whole area.
If it is merely the tile grouting that is stained and worn, rake it out and replace with new.