IN a dark dining-room, wall lights also may be needed so that the floor can be clearly seen when sweeping. A centre light, over the table only, would mean that all that part of the floor under the table would be in dark shadow.
If there is a study in the house one desk-lamp and one or two fireside reading-lamps may be sufficient.
Bedrooms need either one well-screened light over the centre of the bed-head (or a Litlux lamp attached to the bed-head) or one table standard at the side of a single bed and one each side of a double bed, one overhead light for the dressing-table and a light at each side as well, and at least one fireside standard for reading by the fire or in case of sickness, when a soft light is required in the room, and that not too near the patients head.
All of these should have their own switches, and separate switches at the door as well.
The bathroom requires as good mirror lighting as the bedroom or dressing-room. One of the modern lighted mirrors provides sufficient – otherwise it is better to have the lamps built in. A centre lamp for general illumination of the room is also necessary, and this is best in one of the enclosed bowl shades, of whioh there are many varieties.
A similar enclosed bowl shade should be used in the centre of the kitchen and in the centre of the nursery ceilings, as they are the safest and most hygienic. In the kitchen, a light over the sink and another over the preparation centre will be necessary. In the nursery, care should also be taken to see that the children are not sitting in their own liglit at table, so that an extra light will be required if the table is to one side, as is usually the case.
Colours for lampshades are rather limited. Blue. Green, and purple are not much use. Blue may be used if the colour scheme of the room demands it and if a light shade is possible, providing the material is silk and the lining is in pink. This won Id.how-over, produce a soft mauve light which might not agree with the scheme, a I -though in a blue room touches of mauve are not out of place.
Lampshades of a parchment old ivory or cream, in skin, oil paper, glass, silk or alabaster, are very useful for matching walls of the same colour, which is a good thing to do. The only decoration they need, if any, is an edging or tinting with one of the other colours in the scheme of decoration.
White lampshades are fashionable in rooms with coloured walls, but are rarely successful where the walls are in some light neutral tone except a very pure black-and-white grey. Where the walls are coloured, as distinct from being finished in a neutral shade, lampshades in the complementary colour may make an effective contrast by day; but when the lights are turned on the efTect will not be so good, especially if the walls h a v e a glossy or even slightly reflecting surface. The light from a red lamp will kill the effect of a blue room. Lampshades and fittings should be as simple as possible for m ost rooms. Multicoloured shades cut in curious shapes are made, but are usually ugly and have a great air of vulgar ostentation. All lamp fittings should blend with the scheme of decoration as much as possible, and not stand out from it. They may be of rich materials in a rich scheme of decoration or in a room of dark rich tones such as a panelled room of the less simple style. About the only sort of scheme that can take lampshades of elaborate outline is a Chinese scheme, and here the lines of the shade must harmonize with the character of the style.
Fittings appropriate to any of the English period styles are so easy to obtain nowadays that there is no excuse for choosing the wrong ones.