There are a number of different types of leger weight to choose from. The shape and size of leger you use is governed by the distance you need to cast, the speed of the current, the nature of the river bed, and the buoyancy of the bait you intend to use.
The most widely used leger weight is the Arlesey bomb. This pear-shaped leger with a swivel set into the narrowest end of the lead was developed to enable anglers to cast long distances whilst fishing particular types of water. This type of leger can be used as a free running lead by passing the reel line through the eye of the swivel or by tying the leger »n ! :I sliding link.
A link leger is the most versatile of all leger rigs. It is simply a length of nylon line which is tied at one end on to a small diameter split ring or a swivel. The other end of the line is tied to the swivel in the top of an Arlesey bomb or else swan shot are nipped on to the nylon link. The link is attached to the reel line by passing the line through the split ring or the top eye ofthe swivel. The link is then free to slide along the line. A swan shot link leger is the most versatile leger you can use. The weight can be adjusted in seconds by sliding one of the swan shot off the end of the nvlon link or by adding more swan shot. This way you can change from static legering to rolling legering without having to change your terminal tackle. The swan shot link leger is extremely useful when fishing over a gravelly or rocky river bed. Should the swan shot become firmly trapped between rocks a steady pull will slide the shot off the nylon link and free your tackle. A standard leger weight trapped amongst rocks could well result in you losing all your terminal tackle. The length of the nylon link you use depends on how you want to present the bait. Where the river bed is gravelly, a long link with just one or two swan shot will enable you to present a static bait even in a very fast flow. The long link will trail behind the bait and the swan shot will become trapped amongst the gravel and hold the bait in position.
A quick and simple way of making a link leger is to fold a length of nylon double to form a small loop and nip swan shot over the folded lengths of nylon. The reel line is passed through the nylon loop formed in the link.
The drilled bullet is a round ball of lead with a hole through the centre. The reel line is passed through this hole. This type of leger is used for allowing a bait to roll along the river bed with the current. In most instances a swan shot link leger or a small Arlesey bomb will work just as efficiently.
The coffin lead is so named because of its shape. It is a flat lead and was designed to present a static bait in a fast flowing river. The shape of the lead offers very little resistance to the current. The line passes through a hole drilled through the centre of the lead. These leads offer considerable resistance to a taking fish because of the line passing through the centre. A great improvement when using a coflin lead is to insert a small swivel into the central hole of the lead and squeeze this into position, leaving the end ring of the swivel protruding. The reel line can then be passed through this swivel offering less resistance to a taking fish.
The leger is fixed the required distance from the hook by a split shot nipped on to the line. An alternative method of doing this is to use a plastic leger slop. A leger stop is simply a short piece of plastic tube through which the reel line is passed and a tapered plastic peg is inserted trap-ping the line against the inside of the tube. Leger stops have the advantage over split shot by being easily moved along the line to alter the distance between the leger and the hook. They are also less likely to slip down the line when casting large legers than are split shot.