The end is passed under and round the main part; under itself and the main part, and tucked under itself again.
The reef knot is that most commonly used for joining two ends together. It holds firmly, but can be undone easily. Each end has a loop passing round both parts of the other end.
In the full reef knot the ends are formed into loops before the knot is tied and gripped in the knot with the ends sticking out. This knot is used for tying shoelaces, as it can be undone in a moment by pulling on the ends.
To be able to tie a standing bowline some-times proves a very handy accomplishment. The loop will not slip, as the tie is self-jamming, but it can be undone quickly. A standing bowline is useful for lowering a person, or for throwing over a post to which, say, a boat is moored.
When the bowline is drawn tight, the end is firmly jammed, and the greater the strain on the loop the more tightly is it held. By passing the loop round the standing part before forming the bowline, a running bowline, which tightens on anything it encircles, is produced.
The common bind is a very simple but effective knot for uniting two ropes. A loop is formed in one end, and the other end is passed through and round the loop and passed between the loop and itself.
The fishermans knot for joining two parts consists of an overhand knot in each being tied round the other part. When the two knots are drawn together, as indicated by the arrows, they tighten each other, and give a much securer fastening than might be expected.
This knot gets its name from the fact that it is commonly used by anglers for joining two lengths of gut together. It is very easily undone if the two knots are drawn apart.
The sheepshank is a convenient method of shortening a rope. The rope is zigzagged to and fre the number of times required, and the ends of the turns jammed in loops formed in the rope itself. To prevent the loops slipping off if the strain is taken off the rope, the ends of the turns may be lashed to the standing part of the rope.
The timber hitch is used for balks of timber, logs, and other heavy objects. It is made by passing the end round the object to be lifted and the standing part of the rope, and then giving it several turns back round itself. When the hitch is pulled tight, the turns jam against the object and are unable to slip. Making it is a matter of but a few seconds; and it can be released equally quickly when the rope is slack.