WOOL of any size, cotton such as is used for crochet, and even thicker makes, silk, mercerised tlireads and twine can be used for knitting. The needles are made of steel, bone, ivory, tortoiseshell and aluminium, and their size and that of the material depends on the work to be done. One must be chosen to suit the other, otherwise the knitting will not present the right appearance. 33
Knitting is done with two needles, or four needles if the article being Tiiade is to be circular, though five needles are sometimes employed.
Stitches used in knitting, and their abbreviations
K – Knit. Means to knit a row or a stitch in plain knitting, or garter stitcli as it is also called, keeping the wool always at the back of the work.
By the right hand. It is only the forefinger of the left hand which is moved to pass loops on to the pin or needle of the right hand to form the stitches.
Casting on to one needle is done in this way (2). Having tied on the first stitch as shown in (1), the needle is held in the right hand, between the thumb and first finger. A length of wool, sufficient to form the number of stitches, is held between the thumb and first finger of the left hand
P – Purl. Means reversing the knitting stitch, and keeping the wool always in front of the work from beginning to end of the stitches on the needle. T – Turn. Means the first row knitting forward and the next knitting back. St
Stitches; M – Make; Tog
R – Repeat; to means repeating the stitches after the first star, and before the last star, as many times as stated. P.s.s.o. Means pass a slip stitch over. W.r.n. Means wool round needle. Wl.fwd. Means wool forward. Every piece of knitting begins b casting on to one needle the required number of stitches to begin the first row. Thus, directions would read: Cast on 120 stitches.