Neurotic disorder characterized by theatricality, inauthentic feelings and the expression of them, egocentricity and infantilism. Often the patient attempts to manage those around him, and is inclined to attract unhappiness, bad luck and trouble. Almost everyone will recognize something of themselves in the above, but in true neurotics these traits occur in exaggerated form; they are designated as hysterical when they are predominant. Hysterical people often irritate their fellows, who do not understand that the behaviour is unconscious. The following symptoms are common in this neurosis; conversions , brief loss of consciousness, anxiety in many forms, disturbances of sexual function and depersonalization. Hysterics are more likely than others to resort to repression as a defence mechanism. Treatment is often difficult because hysterics tend to lay the blame for their problems on others, and tend to find unconscious satisfaction in their troubles. Treatment can be directed at conditions such as anxiety and depression, but this will not help in the long term unless the patient alters his character with the assistance of psychotherapy; the underlying subconscious desires and conflicts have to be revealed.

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