This fruit does best in soil that will hold moisture—new ground should be trenched and ihanured 2 ft. deep. Stable manure should be worked in well near the surface. If this is not available, any decaying vegetable rubbish will help to conserve moisture.
Partial shade is an advantage, and raspberries can be grown successfully either out in the open, or in the shelter of fences or walls.
Plant young canes in November or spring, singly 2 ft. apart in rows 5 ft. from each other. When planting, dig a trench about 4 in. deep and wide enough to allow roots to be spread out horizontally. Top roots should not be more than r in. below the surface : do not plant too deeply. Work the soil well in among the roots, and take care not to break, off the buds at the base of the cane when planting, as these will in due course produce fruiting canes.
The most practical way of supporting the canes consists of three wires strained horizontally at heights of 2 ft., 31 ft. and 5 ft. from the ground.
Early in March cut the newly-planted canes down to within 9 in. to 12 in. from the ground, to encourage production of strong fruiting canes for the next year.
In June cut out suckers and weak shoots. The strongest must be tied up and water given to the roots. Fruit is borne only on one-year-old shoots ; hence the importance of cutting down to the ground in the autumn all old canes that have borne fruit that season. The only other pruning which will be required consists in cutting off the sappy tops of the young canes in March to encourage formation of laterals on which the fruit is borne.
An autumn crop. It is quite possible to obtain fruit in September and October if the old canes are cut away entirely in June, thus preventing summer fruiting. Mulching with well-rotted manure in June will encourage production of flower buds which will bear fruit in the autumn. Water liberally in dry weather.
Summer fruiting. Lloyd George, Laxton’s Bountiful, Devon. Autumn fruiting. October Red, Hails-ham Berry, Belle de Fontenay, Surprise d’Automne, November Abundance.