Many women are unhappy about the size of their breasts and would dearly like to find a way either to make them smaller or larger. There are to my knowledge no home remedies for those who would like their breasts to be smaller. The only solution available is to find a plastic surgeon. On the other hand for women who want to increase their breast size new remedies are often being introduced and promoted.

The best-known aid currently being sold is probably the Aquamaid. This consists of a device which enables a woman to splash cold water on to her breasts. The manufacturers naturally call it hydrotherapy. A similar result could probably be obtained by standing in a cold shower, dipping the breasts into a bowl full of cold water or allowing some loved one to throw cupfuls of water on to the offendingly small glands in the bath. There would almost certainly be some temporary increase in nipple size and possibly some increase in breast size but I am doubtful about the permanency of any effect obtained.

Food supplements such as lecithin, vitamin E and vitamin F are sold to help improve the quantity and quality of breast tissue. Massage creams containing vitamin E and vitamin F are advertised as helping to increase bust size. The manufacturers of the water device described above also make Natural Vitamin E Cream which they say will ‘help breast tone and promote form and more prominent contours’. I am sceptical.


Chilblains are common in Britain, but relatively rare in many other countries. It is our temperate, changeable weather that does it, for in countries where the weather is more predictable, chilblains are hardly known.

The best way to stop chilblains developing and the best way to make them go away is to keep warm. Since it is the extremities which are commonly affected, cosy socks and gloves are a must for chilblain sufferers. They should be loose so as not to impede the circulation. It is obviously more difficult to keep the tip of the nose and the lobes of the ears warm but these too can develop chilblains.

A chilblain is, in fact, nothing more than a spasm of the tiny vessels which provide the tissues with blood. Because of the cold, the blood vessels close up tightly. This is, in fact, a natural defence mechanism used by the body to retain heat – it is, unfortunately, one of those defence mechanisms which can cause problems.

The symptoms are well known to sufferers. There is pain, itching and swelling and the skin may change from bright red to blue. There may later be blistering and ulceration and if this happens a doctor’s advice and help should be sought to avoid further damage.

Treatment is of two kinds: tablets and ointments.

Tablets usually contain drugs which are designed to help open up the blood vessels (vasodilators). These are of doubtful value, but occasionally seem to work.

Nicotinic acid is one possibly useful drug. Nicotinic Acid Tablets BP are available and should be taken in 100 mg doses three times a day.

Another tablet constituent is acetomenaphthone which is available together with nicotinic acid in Amisyn, Boots Chilblain tablets, Chilblain Treatment Dellipsoids D 27, Gon tablets, Pernivit and Vitathone Chilblain tablets.

Creams and ointments include Boots Chilblain Cream, Chilblain Cream, Samaritan Chilblain Cream, Scholl Chilblain Ointment, Vitathone Chilblain Cream and Willocare Chilblain Ointment. Any of these substances may help increase cutaneous blood flow and the very act of rubbing something on may prove useful in stimulating the circulation.

It is not wise to put the part of the body with chilblains on it too near to a fire.

Finally, remember that chilblains are effectively nothing more than very early frostbite. They are best avoided by keeping warm all over in damp, cold weather and by making sure that the whole body is protected against the cold. Rubbing chilblains with snow, as some old wives suggest, is as silly as it sounds. There is, incidentally, one very simple way to improve the circulation in your hands: simply whirl your arms about using the same sort of movements that a bowler uses in cricket. Centrifugal forces push the blood down into the hands.

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