Failure of the vocal cords to close properly when speaking. There can be various causes, such as pharyngitis in the case of a cold or influenza. Factors other than infection are important, such as a smoky, stuffy environment. Inhalation of steam, resting the voice and a ban on smoking are usually sufficient treatment. If the condition is chronic, abuse of the voice is a much more important factor, as in singers, market Actor Anthony Hopkins in the film of’The Hunchback of Notre Dame’.