Hammer toe

Condition, often affecting the second toe, in which the rearmost of the three toe bones is tilted upwards and the two foremost ones turned down, causing the tip of the toe to touch the ground. Hammer toes are usually caused by ill-fitting or unduly small shoes. They can cause pain when walking or corns through pressure from the shoe. Treatment is by surgical removal of the formost part of the rear bone of the toe to create room for the three bones to lie in line with each other.