Inflammation of the endometrium (membrane lining the womb) which usually occurs during childbirth, particularly if the membrane was damaged long before birth (puerperal fever). It may occur outside childbirth if an intrauterine device (coil) has been used frequently. If only the endometrium is inflamed there may be few symptoms such as some pain and fever; pus may be produced and menstruation may be more copious. If there is pain and fever, antibiotics are often prescribed and bed rest is essential. If pus remains in the womb medication may be presribed to induce contractions. It is not always necessary to remove an intra-uterine device, but the family doctor or gynaecologist will probably take precautions to ensure that the infection does not spread to the oviducts or the abdominal cavity.

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