Condition in which the patient no longer knows what time or place he is living in. Disorientation can occur if a person loses his way, has been concentrating hard or busy with something, or simply wakes from a deep sleep. In such cases new information or a simple correction are enough to change the thought pattern. Disorientation in the psychiatric sense occurs particularly when the consciousness is disturbed (delirium), in dementia , and other brain disorders. It is also present in psychoses associated with delusions or hallucinations. In the childbirth psychosis, in which consciousness is lowered, the sense of disorientation can cause complete despair and perplexity. Treatment is aimed at the underlying disease.

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