Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

Cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder by contamination of urine with microorganisms, usually intestinal bacteria which arrive in the bladder via the urethra. The condition occurs more frequently in women than men, because a woman’s urethra is shorter and its opening nearer the anus. Urine in the bladder is usually free from bacteria, and if the bladder is functioning normally any bacteria which do appear are evacuated with the urine, so that no infection occurs. The condition can be sudden, acute or chronic. Chronic cystitis, often causing no discomfort, is usually the result of urinary retention or abnormalities in the bladder. In urinary retention the retained urine is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria, which can also establish themselves and multiply in bladder tumours and bladder stones. Acute cystitis (so-called honeymoon cystitis) causes increased need to urinate associated with a smarting pain. Cystitis is treated with antibiotics. If the condition is chronic abnormalities present must be treated first; antibiotics may be administered to treat the inflammation. A culture to identify the bacteria is necessary only if antibiotics do not help.

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