CROCHET is one of the easiest of all kinds of needlework dono with a crochet hook. Cotton, linen thread, silk, wool, Macramo thread, or even string can be used, for there are hooks of various sizes, made of steel, aluminium, bone, tortoiscshell, and wood.
It matters little what the hook is made of, but like all other working implements the hook chosen should be smooth, to allow the loops of cotton to slip easily along it, and the hook itself must be well cue, with no roughness inside to interfere with the smooth working of the cotton.
To learn the stitches any size hook will do, but a steel hook, No. li, and cotton INO. 10, will be easier to use at first than a finer hook and cotton.
To shorten the length of directions for all crochet-work designs, abbreviations are used for the stitches. Those most generally met with in designs are as follows: s.s
Slip stitch. ch
Chain stitch. d.c
Double crochet or plain crochet. tr
Long treble. d.tr
Double treble. s.tr
Short treble. sp
Turn. When there is a section of any design repeated continuously, instead of giving the directions over and over again, it is usual to find a star () inserted before a stitch, and another further along, such as 2 ch. 1 tr. 2 ch. 3 tr. In one st. 2 ch., miss 1 st. of previous row, 3 tr. In next St., repeat from to . The worker then under- stands that she has to return to the beginning of the directions and work those stitches over again before making more trebles with chain between.
Whether working direct on to the edge of material – this can be done by piercing the edge with a stiletto if the hook will not go through easily – or on a foundation made of chain stitches, it is important to remember that when the first line is commenced there will be an extra stitch made.
For instance, if a row of d.c. Are to be worked, a single chain will be sufficient, but for trebles, 3 chains are usually made to be the same height as the stitch to follow. Therefore for long treble four chains will be required. Always make 1 or 2 ch. At the end of each row to turn, to avoid pulling the first stitch out of line.
When working a row of trebles, turn with 3 ch., which takes the place of 1 tr.
Most designs are worked to and fro, that is, the work is turned each time to commence working from the right-hand end of the row, but some patterns have a definite right side, and when this is so, the cotton must be fastened off and started again at the end.