A substitute is not necessarily an inferior. This certainly holds good in the case of couve tronchuda, or Portugal cabbage; the big white, fleshy ribs of the outer leaves are delicious when cooked as seakale. When the outer leaves have been used there remains the heart, for cooking cabbage fashion; it is tastier for having been touched by frost.

Ready for Use. November and onwards.

Sowing, Planting Out.

Small sowings can be made at intervals, on a seed bed, from March to May; the plants are set out 2 ft. apart each way. General culture is as for cabbage.