In this condition the lower eyelid loses its muscular tone and droops. This exposes the inner lining or conjunctiva, leading to dryness, discomfort and potential infection. The loss of the lower lid integrity also means that tears are not contained in the eye and tend to fall down the face.


This problem usually requires surgical repair.

Until repair is performed, use Euphrasia fluid extract in diluted form – two drops to 10ml of boiled water – and bathe the eye four times a day.

Homeopathic remedies suitable for the symptoms can be considered at potency 6, four times a day, and may be chosen from the following remedies: Borax, Mercurius, Aconite, Pulsatilla and Euphrasia.


This is the converse condition to ectropion, whereby the muscles of the lower eyelid contract causing the eyelashes to press on the eyeball and conjunctiva, causing irritation and inflammation, thus allowing for infection.


As for ectropion, the problem is usually treated surgically.

Euphrasia fluid extract – two drops in 10ml of boiled water – can be used as an eye bath four times a day.

Homeopathic remedies suitable for the symptoms can be considered at potency 6, four times a day and may be chosen from the following: Aconite, Rhus Toxicodendron, Arnica and Hamamelis.

See Conjunctivitis.


The macula is found at the centre of the retina at the back of the eye. It is a conglomeration of rods and cones – the nervous system’s receptors for light – and is responsible for fine vision.

Macular Degeneration lens face

Due to scarring of the tissue at the centre of the retina, sight loss is experienced at the centre of the field of vision.

Macular degeneration is a medical term given when this area is damaged, usually by receiving a decreased blood supply through natural ageing, arteriosclerosis, diabetes or high blood pressure.

Other than sophisticated laser surgery, which may benefit some people with this problem, there is no orthodox treatment.


A diagnosis of macular degeneration can only be made by a specialist and regular monitoring is of use to know the level of deterioration, although the individual’s vision will of course be the bench-mark.

See Arteriosclerosis and ensure that you follow the dietetic and supplementary guideline.

Vitamin C , vitamin E , selenium , beta-carotene , zinc and pycnogenol can all be used. These treatments should be taken for at least six months and your eye specialist will be able to tell you if deterioration has ceased.

Two herbal compounds have been shown to have specific predilection for blood vessels in the eye and studies have shown that these can halt the progress or even improve the deterioration in vision: Ginkgo biloba – 40mg three times a day; and blueberry extract – 80mg three times a day.

Nutritionists may be able to advise you on the use of higher potencies and homeopaths may be able to administer constitutional or specific visual remedies depending on the symptoms.

Medically qualified practitioners can offer intravenous infusions of selenium and zinc , twice a week for one month and then weekly. This treatment is done in conjunction with taking the amino acid taurine orally, up to lg three times a day.