Medical Conditions | Uncategorized

Childbirth, complications of

Particularly in her first pregnancy a woman is often acutely aware of possible complications, and afraid that they are bound to happen to her, but fortunately complications of childbirth are the exception rather than the rule. Regular antenatal checks are made to monitor progress and to identify any abnormalities which could make the birth more difficult. The occurrence of certain complications in pregancy can be a reason to arrange to have the baby in hospital. A number of complications cannot be predicted or prevented, and are not discovered until the birth. Examples are weak contractions, excessively long labour and sudden deterioration of the child. For this reason it is important that the confinement is attended by a midwife or doctor. Women over the age of 35 are advised to have their children in hospital, because they are relatively more prone to complications. It is by no means always clear whether the reason for a complication lies with the mother or the child, or a combination of the two; for example in a case of narrow pelvis it could also be argued that the child is too large. Malpresenta-tion, such as a breech presentation or occipito posterior presentation are also linked with disproportion between hip and pelvis. Complications which necessitate delivery by Caesarean section are prolapsed ubilical cord and placenta praevia. After the relief and joy at the birth of the child signs of possible post-natal complications must not be ignored. Examples are post-natal bleeding and retained placenta.

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