GROWING TIPS FOR SALSIFY and SCORZONERA
Vegetable Growing

GROWING TIPS FOR SALSIFY and SCORZONERA

Sowing to harvest time: 26 to 30 weeks. Yield: 3kg (6.5 lb) to a 3m (10ft) row. Climate preferred: Cool temperate to subtropical. Aspect: Open and sunny or partially shaded. Soil: Any, provided it is well-drained. Salsify, which is white-skinned, has a distinctive, somewhat fishy taste. Hence its other name: the vegetable oyster.  Scorzonera, which…

Legumes

How to Cultivate Peas

Peas are excellent summer crops, which need a deeply cultivated soil. The first crop should be sown on light soil in a sunny, sheltered spot, in February. On heavy soil, however, this sowing should be left till March. Successional crops may be sown up to Juno. The seeds should be sown thinly in broad drills….

How to Cultivate Broccoli
Broccoli

How to Cultivate Broccoli

Sprouting broccoli – calabrese (or green), purple and white varieties. Sowing to harvest time: 12 to 16 weeks for calabrese; 40 weeks for purple and white varieties. Yield: Calabrese, up to 0.9kg (21b) per plant; other varieties, average 0.45 kg (1 lb) per plant. Climate preferred: Cool temperate to sub-tropical. Aspect: Open, but sheltered from…

HOW TO GROW VEGETABLES
Vegetable Growing

HOW TO GROW VEGETABLES

Vegetables can be just as interesting to grow as flowers and a well-kept vegetable garden can be as attractive, to the eye of the gardener, as any flower border. This attractiveness can be increased by adopting the old-fashioned practice of laying out the vegetable garden as a pattern formed by geometrically shaped and arranged beds….

Gardening For Food
Vegetable Growing

Gardening For Food

The cultivation of vegetable and fruit crops provides healthy exercise, helps the housekeeping budget and produces good, wholesome food. For ease of cultivation and crop-rotation planning, vegetable crops are divided into three types; pod, bulb and stem crops (beans, peas, onions, leeks and celery); root crops (potatoes, turnips, carrots, beetroot); and green crops (cabbage, Brussels…

Tomato and Cucumber Grafting
Tomatoes

Tomato and Cucumber Grafting

Tomatoes and cucumbers can be grafted to provide a root system which is resistant to certain soil-borne diseases and pests such as wilt, corky root and eelworm. Various rootstocks are available and doubtless more will be produced. Rootstock K.N. is resistant to root knot eelworm and corky root, and Tomato Rootstock K.V.F. resists corky root,…

Spinach Growing
Vegetable Growing

Spinach Growing

SPINACH Sowing to harvest time: 8 to 15 weeks. Yield: 230gm (8oz) to a plant. Aspect: Shaded for summer varieties; open but sheltered for winter varieties. Climate preferred: Cool temperate. Soil type: Deep, moist and fertile. Spinach can be tricky to produce on account of its natural tendency to run to seed instead of producing…

Seakale
Brassicas

Seakale

Seakale is grown for blanching both outdoors and under glass. Plants may be raised from seed sown outdoors in April, but two years must elapse before seedlings are strong enough for forcing. A better method is to purchase crowns and maintain a stock by root cuttings. These are prepared from thongy roots about 6 in….

Peas Quick Tips
Legumes

Peas Quick Tips

Digging should be done thoroughly as early in the autumn as possible. Dung or compost should be applied at the same time at the rate of 1 cwt. to 15 sq. yd. unless the peas are to be grown on ground that has been well manured for a preceding crop. Chemical fertilizers should be used…

Mustard and Cress
Salad Vegetables

Mustard and Cress

Mustard and Cress are two of the most easily and rapidly grown salad vegetables. Sowing may commence under glass in January in a temperature of 60° to 65°. Outdoors it is not wise to start sowing until mid-April or to continue after August. Shallow boxes are used for .greenhouse cultivation, and these may be filled…

How To Grow Lettuce
Salad Vegetables

How To Grow Lettuce

There are three types of lettuce, the cabbage, cos and loose leaf. Choice may be determined by personal taste, some people liking the crispness of the cos, while others prefer the softness of the cabbage and loosetleaf types. Soil must be rich and well prepared to encourage quick growth. Manure or compost should be worked…

Indian Corn (Maize)
Corn

Indian Corn (Maize)

Indian Corn  or Maize is a favourite vegetable in America and now more widely grown in Europe. It is the seed heads or cobs which are eaten, and these are cut while the seeds themselves are still milky if opened up. Seed is sown singly in small pots in late April and germinated in a…

Growing Endives
Salad Vegetables

Growing Endives

One of the virtues of this is its hardiness, which makes it possible to secure supplies in winter at a time when lettuces are difficult to produce. Soil should be rich in order to ensure quick growth and tender leaves. Dung at the rate of 1 cwt. to 8 sq. yd. may be supplemented by…

Cardoons
Brassicas

Cardoons

Cardoons are ornamental plants grown for their blanched stems, which are used, both cooked and raw, in salads. Plants may be raised from seed sown in a warm greenhouse or in a frame in April, two or three seeds in each 3-in. pot. Reduce seedlings to one per pot and harden off for planting out…

Growing Cabbage All Year
Brassicas

Growing Cabbage All Year

By judicious selection of varieties and by successional sowing it is possible to maintain a supply of cabbage throughout the year. Soil should be well prepared. Manure or compost at the rate of 1 cwt. to 10 or 12 sq. yd. will be well repaid, but may be omitted for latetsummerplanted cabbages following a crop…

Broccoli Growing
Broccoli

Broccoli Growing

Broccoli, Heading. Closely allied to cauliflower, and from the culinary point of view identical except that flavour is less delicate. It is also hardier and has a much longer season. Where possible, follow broccoli after early potatoes or some other crop that has already had manure, and give chemicals only. It will then only be…

Rotational Cropping
Space Gardening

Rotational Cropping

Rotational Cropping has been taken over from farmers, who employ a definite rotation of crops from one year to the next with the object of making the very best use of the ground. Root crops may be used to clean newly broken ground prior to the cultivation of cereals, after which the land is allowed…

Growing Rhubarb
Rhubarb

Growing Rhubarb

Although rhubarb is not regarded by the housewife as a vegetable, it is definitely a crop for the vegetable garden or allotment, and should be given one of the permanent positions. Plants are set 5 ft. apart, in March, in good rich soil. The crown of each should be 1 in. below the soil surface….

Peas and Beans for Free
Legumes

Peas and Beans for Free

Peas and beans are very popular vegetables, which for convenience can be grouped together in one of the plots in the kitchen garden. Peas are hardy, and the first sowings can be made as early as February in the open, successive sowings being made at intervals of two or three weeks from then until June….

Shallots And Leeks
Leeks

Shallots And Leeks

Shallots are planted in the same way as onions, and so also are the members of the family called potato onions.” Both of these produce offsets to the bulb, which form the season’s crop. Tree onions, another type of onion sometimes grown as a curiosity, form bulbils on the stems, instead of flowers; these, if…

Growing Potatoes Easily
Potato

Growing Potatoes Easily

Potatoes may be regarded as in a class by themselves. It should be remarked here that it does not pay most gardeners to cultivate main crop potatoes. They are so cheaply raised in fields, where machinery is used, that it is wiser for the home gardener to grow a little extra of the more valuable…

How To Grow Cabbages
Brassicas

How To Grow Cabbages

Cabbages and their relatives mostly need somewhere about 2 ft. space each way for a single plant—certainly more than 15 in. To try to sow them at this distance, or to thin them out to it, is obviously a waste of garden space because, by raising such plants as Brussels sprouts on a nursery plot,…

Beans and peas–Quick Tips
Legumes

Beans and peas–Quick Tips

Ignore people who tell you to sow peas at carefully spaced intervals. Sow them thickly in wide trenches and they will need little support as the plants will help hold each other up. Choose one of the semi-leafless varieties like ‘Bikini’ and they will need no support. When erecting poles to support runner beans or…

Growing Salad Vegetables
Salad Vegetables

Growing Salad Vegetables

Lettuce There are three different types of lettuce : cabbage, cos and loose leaf. Cabbage lettuces are divided into two groups: Butter-head, e.g. ‘Unrivalled’, ‘May King’. Crisp-head, e.g. ‘Webb’ s Wonderful’, ‘Windermere’. Sowing The sowing times are linked closely with varieties. The table shows when to sow for successional crops. Sow fairly thickly in 1-in,…