Can You Spray Tomato Plants with Vinegar?

You can spray tomato plants with vinegar (diluted: see bleow) to combat pests by combining vinegar with other pest control methods. Because vinegar kills, or has the potential to kill, all plant matter it comes in contact with, you must dilute it in order to use it as a spray. We recommend mixing one gallon … Read more

How to grow and harvest sweet corn

Home-grown sweetcorn is a real delight, and, with some of the most recent hybrids, remarkably easy to grow. Sowing to harvest: 12 to 16 weeks. Yield: At least two cobs to a plant. Conditions preferred: Cool temperate to subtropical. Positioning: Open and sunny. Soil: Any, if enriched with compost. Sowing and planting The soil for … Read more

Growing and Harvesting Radishes

Sowing to harvest time: summer varieties, 4 to 6 weeks; winter varieties, 10 to 12 weeks. Yield: summer varieties, 2 kg (4.5 lb) to a 3m (10 ft) row; winter varieties, 44 kg (101b) to a 3m (10ft) row.   Climate preferred: Cool temperate. Aspect: Open, but will tolerate some shade. Soil: Ordinary, provided it … Read more


Sowing to harvest time: 26 to 30 weeks. Yield: 3kg (6.5 lb) to a 3m (10ft) row. Climate preferred: Cool temperate to subtropical. Aspect: Open and sunny or partially shaded. Soil: Any, provided it is well-drained. Salsify, which is white-skinned, has a distinctive, somewhat fishy taste. Hence its other name: the vegetable oyster.  Scorzonera, which … Read more

How to Cultivate Peas

Peas are excellent summer crops, which need a deeply cultivated soil. The first crop should be sown on light soil in a sunny, sheltered spot, in February. On heavy soil, however, this sowing should be left till March. Successional crops may be sown up to Juno. The seeds should be sown thinly in broad drills. … Read more

How to Cultivate Brussels Sprouts

Sowing to harvest time: 28 to 36 weeks, depending on the variety. Yield: 1 kg (21b) of sprouts to a plant. Climate preferred: Cool temperate. Aspect: Open, but sheltered from strong winds. Soil: Heavy, firm and rich in organic matter. Brussels sprouts are an excellent green crop for the winter months and freshly picked sprouts … Read more

How to Cultivate Broccoli

Sprouting broccoli – calabrese (or green), purple and white varieties. Sowing to harvest time: 12 to 16 weeks for calabrese; 40 weeks for purple and white varieties. Yield: Calabrese, up to 0.9kg (21b) per plant; other varieties, average 0.45 kg (1 lb) per plant. Climate preferred: Cool temperate to sub-tropical. Aspect: Open, but sheltered from … Read more

How to Cultivate Asparagus

Asparagus plants prefer a deep sandy loam. Plant in April, spreading out the roots and setting the plants 15 inches apart, the crowns to be 5 inches below the surface. When cutting, it should be remembered that no shoots should be removed the first year, a moderate quantity the second, and freely afterwards. The shoots … Read more


Vegetables can be just as interesting to grow as flowers and a well-kept vegetable garden can be as attractive, to the eye of the gardener, as any flower border. This attractiveness can be increased by adopting the old-fashioned practice of laying out the vegetable garden as a pattern formed by geometrically shaped and arranged beds. … Read more

Gardening For Food

The cultivation of vegetable and fruit crops provides healthy exercise, helps the housekeeping budget and produces good, wholesome food. For ease of cultivation and crop-rotation planning, vegetable crops are divided into three types; pod, bulb and stem crops (beans, peas, onions, leeks and celery); root crops (potatoes, turnips, carrots, beetroot); and green crops (cabbage, Brussels … Read more

Tomato and Cucumber Grafting

Tomatoes and cucumbers can be grafted to provide a root system which is resistant to certain soil-borne diseases and pests such as wilt, corky root and eelworm. Various rootstocks are available and doubtless more will be produced. Rootstock K.N. is resistant to root knot eelworm and corky root, and Tomato Rootstock K.V.F. resists corky root, … Read more

Tomatoes Indoors and Outdoors

For an early crop of tomatoes under glass, seed should be sown in a warm greenhouse during January or February. In unheated houses it is not wise to start until early April. For outdoor planting, seed is best sown in a warm greenhouse in mid-March. In all methods the seeds should be sown very thinly … Read more

Spinach Growing

SPINACH Sowing to harvest time: 8 to 15 weeks. Yield: 230gm (8oz) to a plant. Aspect: Shaded for summer varieties; open but sheltered for winter varieties. Climate preferred: Cool temperate. Soil type: Deep, moist and fertile. Spinach can be tricky to produce on account of its natural tendency to run to seed instead of producing … Read more


Seakale is grown for blanching both outdoors and under glass. Plants may be raised from seed sown outdoors in April, but two years must elapse before seedlings are strong enough for forcing. A better method is to purchase crowns and maintain a stock by root cuttings. These are prepared from thongy roots about 6 in. … Read more

Best Methods Of Potato Cultivation

POTATOES (1) Obtain your seed potatoes in late winter and place them rose end (that is the end with most of the shoots or ‘eyes’) uppermost in seed trays, or empty egg cartons, which should then be placed in a cool, airy, light (but not sunny) spot such as a shed or garage so that … Read more

Peas Quick Tips

Digging should be done thoroughly as early in the autumn as possible. Dung or compost should be applied at the same time at the rate of 1 cwt. to 15 sq. yd. unless the peas are to be grown on ground that has been well manured for a preceding crop. Chemical fertilizers should be used … Read more

Mustard and Cress

Mustard and Cress are two of the most easily and rapidly grown salad vegetables. Sowing may commence under glass in January in a temperature of 60° to 65°. Outdoors it is not wise to start sowing until mid-April or to continue after August. Shallow boxes are used for .greenhouse cultivation, and these may be filled … Read more

How To Grow Lettuce

There are three types of lettuce, the cabbage, cos and loose leaf. Choice may be determined by personal taste, some people liking the crispness of the cos, while others prefer the softness of the cabbage and loosetleaf types. Soil must be rich and well prepared to encourage quick growth. Manure or compost should be worked … Read more

Indian Corn (Maize)

Indian Corn  or Maize is a favourite vegetable in America and now more widely grown in Europe. It is the seed heads or cobs which are eaten, and these are cut while the seeds themselves are still milky if opened up. Seed is sown singly in small pots in late April and germinated in a … Read more

Growing Endives

One of the virtues of this is its hardiness, which makes it possible to secure supplies in winter at a time when lettuces are difficult to produce. Soil should be rich in order to ensure quick growth and tender leaves. Dung at the rate of 1 cwt. to 8 sq. yd. may be supplemented by … Read more

Cauliflower Quick Growing Guide

CAULIFLOWER Sowing to harvest time: 18 to 24 weeks for summer and autumn varieties; 40 weeks for winter varieties. Yield: 1 kg (21b) per plant. Climate preferred: Cool temperate to subtropical. Aspect: Open, but sheltered from cold winds. Soil: Rich, fertile loam, but sandy soils are suitable if plenty of organic material has been incorporated … Read more


Cardoons are ornamental plants grown for their blanched stems, which are used, both cooked and raw, in salads. Plants may be raised from seed sown in a warm greenhouse or in a frame in April, two or three seeds in each 3-in. pot. Reduce seedlings to one per pot and harden off for planting out … Read more

Growing Cabbage All Year

By judicious selection of varieties and by successional sowing it is possible to maintain a supply of cabbage throughout the year. Soil should be well prepared. Manure or compost at the rate of 1 cwt. to 10 or 12 sq. yd. will be well repaid, but may be omitted for latetsummerplanted cabbages following a crop … Read more

Broccoli Growing

Broccoli, Heading. Closely allied to cauliflower, and from the culinary point of view identical except that flavour is less delicate. It is also hardier and has a much longer season. Where possible, follow broccoli after early potatoes or some other crop that has already had manure, and give chemicals only. It will then only be … Read more

Beans–Quick Tips On Growing

Beans, Broad. Three types are grown — the Mazagon, Longpod, and the Windsor. The first is the hardiest, but inferior in other respects; the second is sufficiently hardy for autumn sowing in many districts; while the third is best for bottling or freezing. For spring sowing, manure or compost may be applied at 1 cwt. … Read more

Growing Rhubarb

Although rhubarb is not regarded by the housewife as a vegetable, it is definitely a crop for the vegetable garden or allotment, and should be given one of the permanent positions. Plants are set 5 ft. apart, in March, in good rich soil. The crown of each should be 1 in. below the soil surface. … Read more

Growing Mushrooms At Home

Mushrooms should be grown in a cellar or shed, away from frosts and rains. Light is unnecessary. The method is this. Fresh manure is placed in a heap, and about every fourth day it is turned over. During this time the manure should remain moist, and a little tepid water should be used if needed. … Read more

Growing Artichokes and Asparagus

Artichokes. The Jerusalem and Chinese artichokes are roots, grown from tubers, which are planted 6 and 3 in. deep respectively, in early spring. They are lifted and stored in October. These artichokes can be grown as a wind screen along one end of the plot. Globe Artichokes are the unopened flowerheads of a perennial plant … Read more

Peas and Beans for Free

Peas and beans are very popular vegetables, which for convenience can be grouped together in one of the plots in the kitchen garden. Peas are hardy, and the first sowings can be made as early as February in the open, successive sowings being made at intervals of two or three weeks from then until June. … Read more

Shallots And Leeks

Shallots are planted in the same way as onions, and so also are the members of the family called potato onions.” Both of these produce offsets to the bulb, which form the season’s crop. Tree onions, another type of onion sometimes grown as a curiosity, form bulbils on the stems, instead of flowers; these, if … Read more

Growing Potatoes Easily

Potatoes may be regarded as in a class by themselves. It should be remarked here that it does not pay most gardeners to cultivate main crop potatoes. They are so cheaply raised in fields, where machinery is used, that it is wiser for the home gardener to grow a little extra of the more valuable … Read more

How To Grow Cabbages

Cabbages and their relatives mostly need somewhere about 2 ft. space each way for a single plant—certainly more than 15 in. To try to sow them at this distance, or to thin them out to it, is obviously a waste of garden space because, by raising such plants as Brussels sprouts on a nursery plot, … Read more

Different Kinds Of Vegetable Crops

For the convenience of the beginner, I propose to deal with vegetables in groups according to their manner of cultivation First let us consider the ordinary roots grown on every allotment—carrots, parsnips, beetroots, turnips. All these are crops that are sown where they are to remain. They do not succeed when transplanted, the reason being … Read more