Fruit Growing

Planting Fruit Trees And Fruit Tree Maintenance

Apples These can be obtained as single stem cordons, espaliers, bushes, pyramids, half-standards and standards. They will grow well in any reasonably good and properly drained soil and like an open, sunny situation with free circulation of air. A few varieties, notably Bramley’s Seedling, Blenheim Orange and Ribston Pippin, are self-sterile, which means that their…

HOW TO GROW VEGETABLES
Vegetable Growing

HOW TO GROW VEGETABLES

Vegetables can be just as interesting to grow as flowers and a well-kept vegetable garden can be as attractive, to the eye of the gardener, as any flower border. This attractiveness can be increased by adopting the old-fashioned practice of laying out the vegetable garden as a pattern formed by geometrically shaped and arranged beds….

Fruit Growing

Fruit Growing In Smaller Areas

Fruits can be successfully grown in confined spaces, and produce crops within one to three years after planting. While they generally crop best in sunny positions, gooseberries, blackcurrants, raspberries and strawberries grow satisfactorily in light shade. Shelter from cold north and east winds, particularly at flowering time, is necessary to ensure pollination and fruit set….

Gardening For Food
Vegetable Growing

Gardening For Food

The cultivation of vegetable and fruit crops provides healthy exercise, helps the housekeeping budget and produces good, wholesome food. For ease of cultivation and crop-rotation planning, vegetable crops are divided into three types; pod, bulb and stem crops (beans, peas, onions, leeks and celery); root crops (potatoes, turnips, carrots, beetroot); and green crops (cabbage, Brussels…

Understanding The Soil
Soil Preparation

Understanding The Soil

The soil type greatly influences the range of plants which can be grown. Most rhododendrons, for example, cannot tolerate chalky soil, while clematis absolutely thrive on it. The basic soil types are listed below, and all can be made to produce good crops or ornamental displays, given suitable soil management and improvement. LOAM The ideal…

Herbs

Herbs And Spices

HERBS Herbs have been used as much for their healing powers as their flavours at least since 2500 BC, when the earliest detailed information was recorded in China. Growing herbs Make a herb bed in your garden, or grow herbs in pots on your windowsill. Grow thoSee that you will use most frequently in the…

Tomato and Cucumber Grafting
Tomatoes

Tomato and Cucumber Grafting

Tomatoes and cucumbers can be grafted to provide a root system which is resistant to certain soil-borne diseases and pests such as wilt, corky root and eelworm. Various rootstocks are available and doubtless more will be produced. Rootstock K.N. is resistant to root knot eelworm and corky root, and Tomato Rootstock K.V.F. resists corky root,…

Cultivating Trees, Shrubs, And Climbers (Hardy)
Trees And Shrubs

Cultivating Trees, Shrubs, And Climbers (Hardy)

Description. All plants of fully woody character that can be grown outdoors summer and winter. Some varieties are evergreen, i.e. retain their foliage throughout the winter, others are deciduous, i.e. lose their foliage in autumn. There are also half-hardy and tender kinds which can be grown by enthusiasts in a greenhouse,. Soil and Situation. Requirements…

How To Grow Walnuts
Growing Nuts

How To Grow Walnuts

Soil and Situation. Walnuts will succeed in most soils that are not waterlogged, or very poor and liable to dry out severely in summer. Prefer open, sunny places. Planting. As for apples. Space trees at least 30 ft. apart. Forms of Training. Almost invariably grown as standards. Often planted for ornament as well as utility….

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates
Pears

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates

Planting and cultivation Success with pears depends largely on your choosing the best possible varieties for your district. The world famous ‘Conference’ and ‘William’s Bon Chretien’ are the best choice for cold, higher altitude areas or exposed coastal districts. The soil should be improved by the addition of plenty of compost. Every early spring feed…

Growing Medlars
Pears

Growing Medlars

Soil and Situation. Medlars succeed in sunny places and rather rich soils, such as those that suit plums. Planting. From the end of October to mid-March as for apples. Other details are also the same. Trees should be spaced at least 20 ft. apart. Form of Training. Usually grown as a standard but occasionally seen…

Blackcurrant Cultivation
Currants

Blackcurrant Cultivation

Soil and Situation. Black currants succeed on a wide variety of soils and do not dislike moist conditions, provided their roots do not stand in stagnant water during winter. Flowers are produced early and are liable to be damaged by frost, so hollows which are likely to be frost traps should be avoided. Soil must…

Growing Cherries
Cherries

Growing Cherries

Soil and Situation. Well-drained, loamy soils or loam over chalk are most suitable. Cherries do not thrive on badly drained soils, heavy clays, nor on light sands. They bloom early and are subject to frost damage. In consequence, very exposed positions or damp valleys liable to catch frost are unsuitable. Soil preparation is the same…

Apples

Varieties of Apple

Adam’s Pearmain (D), Dec.-Mar.; Advance (D), Aug.; Allen’s Everlasting (D), Apr.-June; Allington Pippin (D), Oct.-Dec.; American Mother (D), Oct.- Nov.; Annie Elizabeth (C), Dec.-June; Arthur Turner (C), Sept.-Oct.; Ashmead’s Kernel (D), Dec.-Mar.; Astrachan Red (D), Aug. Barnack Beauty (D), Dec.-Apr.; Barnack Orange (D), Nov.-Dec.; Baumann’s Red Winter Reinette (D), Dec.- Jan.; Beauty of Bath (D),…

Lorette Pruning
Pruning Fruit Trees

Lorette Pruning

In addition to the methods described under particular fruits a system of pruning has been devised by a Frenchman, M. Lorette, and bears his name. It is particularly applicable to trained apples and pears and, though primarily designed for the French climate, has proved very successful in some places in this country. The object is…

Spinach Growing
Vegetable Growing

Spinach Growing

SPINACH Sowing to harvest time: 8 to 15 weeks. Yield: 230gm (8oz) to a plant. Aspect: Shaded for summer varieties; open but sheltered for winter varieties. Climate preferred: Cool temperate. Soil type: Deep, moist and fertile. Spinach can be tricky to produce on account of its natural tendency to run to seed instead of producing…

Seakale
Brassicas

Seakale

Seakale is grown for blanching both outdoors and under glass. Plants may be raised from seed sown outdoors in April, but two years must elapse before seedlings are strong enough for forcing. A better method is to purchase crowns and maintain a stock by root cuttings. These are prepared from thongy roots about 6 in….

Peas Quick Tips
Legumes

Peas Quick Tips

Digging should be done thoroughly as early in the autumn as possible. Dung or compost should be applied at the same time at the rate of 1 cwt. to 15 sq. yd. unless the peas are to be grown on ground that has been well manured for a preceding crop. Chemical fertilizers should be used…

Mustard and Cress
Salad Vegetables

Mustard and Cress

Mustard and Cress are two of the most easily and rapidly grown salad vegetables. Sowing may commence under glass in January in a temperature of 60° to 65°. Outdoors it is not wise to start sowing until mid-April or to continue after August. Shallow boxes are used for .greenhouse cultivation, and these may be filled…

How To Grow Lettuce
Salad Vegetables

How To Grow Lettuce

There are three types of lettuce, the cabbage, cos and loose leaf. Choice may be determined by personal taste, some people liking the crispness of the cos, while others prefer the softness of the cabbage and loosetleaf types. Soil must be rich and well prepared to encourage quick growth. Manure or compost should be worked…

Indian Corn (Maize)
Corn

Indian Corn (Maize)

Indian Corn  or Maize is a favourite vegetable in America and now more widely grown in Europe. It is the seed heads or cobs which are eaten, and these are cut while the seeds themselves are still milky if opened up. Seed is sown singly in small pots in late April and germinated in a…

Growing Endives
Salad Vegetables

Growing Endives

One of the virtues of this is its hardiness, which makes it possible to secure supplies in winter at a time when lettuces are difficult to produce. Soil should be rich in order to ensure quick growth and tender leaves. Dung at the rate of 1 cwt. to 8 sq. yd. may be supplemented by…

Cardoons
Brassicas

Cardoons

Cardoons are ornamental plants grown for their blanched stems, which are used, both cooked and raw, in salads. Plants may be raised from seed sown in a warm greenhouse or in a frame in April, two or three seeds in each 3-in. pot. Reduce seedlings to one per pot and harden off for planting out…