Growing Apples Successfully
Apples

Growing Apples Successfully

Type of tree: Bush, standard, half-standard, cordon and espalier. Pollination: At least two apple trees are necessary to produce fruit. Climate preferred: Temperate. Aspect: Any. Early cooking apples can be grown against north-facing walls. Ideal Soil: Well-drained ordinary soil which does not dry out excessively in summer. Yield: 10 cordons will produce 20kg (441b) of…

Fruit Growing

Planting Fruit Trees And Fruit Tree Maintenance

Apples These can be obtained as single stem cordons, espaliers, bushes, pyramids, half-standards and standards. They will grow well in any reasonably good and properly drained soil and like an open, sunny situation with free circulation of air. A few varieties, notably Bramley’s Seedling, Blenheim Orange and Ribston Pippin, are self-sterile, which means that their…

Fruit Growing

Fruit Growing In Smaller Areas

Fruits can be successfully grown in confined spaces, and produce crops within one to three years after planting. While they generally crop best in sunny positions, gooseberries, blackcurrants, raspberries and strawberries grow satisfactorily in light shade. Shelter from cold north and east winds, particularly at flowering time, is necessary to ensure pollination and fruit set….

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates
Pears

Best way to Grow Pears In Cooler Climates

Planting and cultivation Success with pears depends largely on your choosing the best possible varieties for your district. The world famous ‘Conference’ and ‘William’s Bon Chretien’ are the best choice for cold, higher altitude areas or exposed coastal districts. The soil should be improved by the addition of plenty of compost. Every early spring feed…

Growing Medlars
Pears

Growing Medlars

Soil and Situation. Medlars succeed in sunny places and rather rich soils, such as those that suit plums. Planting. From the end of October to mid-March as for apples. Other details are also the same. Trees should be spaced at least 20 ft. apart. Form of Training. Usually grown as a standard but occasionally seen…

Blackcurrant Cultivation
Currants

Blackcurrant Cultivation

Soil and Situation. Black currants succeed on a wide variety of soils and do not dislike moist conditions, provided their roots do not stand in stagnant water during winter. Flowers are produced early and are liable to be damaged by frost, so hollows which are likely to be frost traps should be avoided. Soil must…

Growing Cherries
Cherries

Growing Cherries

Soil and Situation. Well-drained, loamy soils or loam over chalk are most suitable. Cherries do not thrive on badly drained soils, heavy clays, nor on light sands. They bloom early and are subject to frost damage. In consequence, very exposed positions or damp valleys liable to catch frost are unsuitable. Soil preparation is the same…

Apples

Varieties of Apple

Adam’s Pearmain (D), Dec.-Mar.; Advance (D), Aug.; Allen’s Everlasting (D), Apr.-June; Allington Pippin (D), Oct.-Dec.; American Mother (D), Oct.- Nov.; Annie Elizabeth (C), Dec.-June; Arthur Turner (C), Sept.-Oct.; Ashmead’s Kernel (D), Dec.-Mar.; Astrachan Red (D), Aug. Barnack Beauty (D), Dec.-Apr.; Barnack Orange (D), Nov.-Dec.; Baumann’s Red Winter Reinette (D), Dec.- Jan.; Beauty of Bath (D),…

Lorette Pruning
Pruning Fruit Trees

Lorette Pruning

In addition to the methods described under particular fruits a system of pruning has been devised by a Frenchman, M. Lorette, and bears his name. It is particularly applicable to trained apples and pears and, though primarily designed for the French climate, has proved very successful in some places in this country. The object is…

Moving Fruit Trees
Fruit Growing

Moving Fruit Trees

One item that sometimes puzzles amateurs is the question of the age at which a fruit tree may be safely moved. There is no rule about this, as so much depends on the history of the tree. In nurseries, trees for sale are frequently moved and induced to form fibrous roots near the main stem….

The Care of Plums and Gages
Plums

The Care of Plums and Gages

Plums and gages may be grown as standards, half-standards, bushes, pyramids and fans. They are unsatisfactory as cordons or espaliers. They do best on deep heavy loam or on a well-drained clay soil. Ex-vegetable plot soil (rich in nitrogen) is excellent. Light soil results in poor fruit quality, brittle branches and a short life. Plums…

The Care Of Pear Trees
Pears

The Care Of Pear Trees

Pears blossom a little earlier than apples and therefore there is a slightly higher risk of damage by frost or inadequate pollination because the weather discourages the pollinating insects from flying. They often take somewhat longer than apples to settle down and start fruiting. Pears may be grown in any of the forms in which…

Feeding And Caring For Apple Trees
Apples

Feeding And Caring For Apple Trees

Like all other plants fruits have special need for the three major nutritional elements-nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. They also require many other minerals in lesser quantities, some quite minute. ‘Straight’ fertilizers are recommended for the provision of the three major elements-sulphate of ammonia and Nitro-chalk for nitrogen, sulphate of potash for potassium and superphosphate for…

Rootstocks for Apples
Apples

Rootstocks for Apples

M.9 Most dwarfing of all. A good stock for cordons and dwarf bushes. Usually too dwarfing for espaliers and pyramids. M.26 Less dwarfing than M.9. For small espaliers, dwarf pyramids and for cordons and dwarf bushes where soil is not rich. M.7 and MM.106 Semi-dwarfing, producing trees of moderate size on good soil, often used…

Planting Fruit Trees Tips
Fruit Growing

Planting Fruit Trees Tips

The planting season for fruits other than strawberries extends from leaf-fall, usually early in November, until the resumption of growth in March or early April but always slightly later in the north. For rapid re-establishment close contact is necessary between the particles of moist soil and the tiny root hairs. This is more likely to…

How To Grow Currants
Currants

How To Grow Currants

I can remember sitting on long summer afternoons, dipping bunches of red and white currants first in a little white of egg and then shaking them in a bag with some caster sugar to crystalise the fruits. The bunches were allowed to dry and were then eaten as a special treat the next day, a…

Growing Gooseberries
Gooseberries

Growing Gooseberries

Ribes grossularia, is native to Britain where it has been cultivated since the thirteenth century at least. Being self-fertile and productive, it is ideal for the small garden. Gooseberries excel in the cooler areas of the Midlands and North. They are tolerant of most soils but not of water-logging. Growth may be weak on poor…

Growing Blackberries
Blackberries

Growing Blackberries

Blackberries are vigorous and exceptionally spiny, hardy perennial cane fruits belonging to the genus Rubus. The species and hybrids listed below are grown for dessert, bottling, tarts, jam and wine. Soil Blackberries prefer deep, moist and rich loam but are adaptable to light sands and stiff clays, given free drainage and freedom from perennial weeds….

Loganberry Cultivation
Loganberry

Loganberry Cultivation

The loganberry is, perhaps, the supreme bramble type of berry, as it is ideal for stewing, jam and jelly-making, bottling, canning, juice extraction and wine-making. The berries can also be eaten as dessert when fully ripe, but may be too tart for some palates. Origins Opinions are divided as to whether the loganberry is a…

Growing Raspberries
Raspberries

Growing Raspberries

Most raspberries bear red fruit but a few have white or yellow berries. Most ripen in July, some in September or October, and some in either season according to when they are pruned. For varieties fruiting in summer, pruning is carried out immediately picking has finished, the old canes being cut out completely and replaced…

How To Grow Strawberries
Fruit Growing

How To Grow Strawberries

Growing Strawberries In Barrels A special method of growing either the summer-fruiting or perpetual strawberries is by cutting two-inch diameter holes in the staves of an old barrel, which is then filled with rich soil and the strawberries planted through the holes. This old system of growing strawberries makes strawberry growing possible in small areas…