BATHING BABIES

A BATH thermometer in a wooden case is an essential part of the equipment of every nursery, bc-causo the temperature of babys bath is best determined by its use. The proper temperature of the bath is as follows: At birth …. 100 degrees F. First month … 97 degrees F. One to six months . 95 degrees F. Six to twelve months . 90 degrees F. One to two years . . 86 degrees F. The bath should rest on a box, two chairs, or anything that will make it a convenient height for the mother so that she need not stoop. There is no virtue in being uncomfortable. A screen to ward oil draughts is easily made by covering a wooden clothes-horse with curtains of muslin or cretonne, tied in place with tapes. They may be easily removed for washing when they get soiled. The lower rung is convenient for hanging the towels and clothing on, thus placing them within easy reach. Test the Water First

TT is an excellent rule when preparing the bath to put in the cold water first. This will prevent any possible chance of its being forgotten to be added, and perhaps scalding the little one. This has happened on occasion, with serious results. If a bath thermometer is not available, the temperature of the water should be tested with the elbow or wrist, which is more sensitive than the fingers. Baby should never be bathed immediately after his feed.

The softest of sponges or flannel should be used, for the little ones skin is tender, and it will not stand hard rubbing. If the water is hard, add a little milk to it. This softens the water, and helps to keep the skin soft and velvety. Another plan is to take a teacupful of bran, tie it in muslin, and set it in the cold water of the bath overnight. In the morning take out the bag, and add hot water till you have the desired temperature. Rain water is superior to ordinary water, and the bran should be renewed two or three times a week.

Cheap Soap is Costly

THE soap used should be of the best quality. Cheap soap is always the most expensive because of the discomfort that it causes, and too strong a soap may cause eczema. Washing the head prevents cold, cleanses the scalp, and prevents scurf. When baby is washed, spread a large bath-towel on 3our lap, lift him out upon it, and wipe him with towels that are perfectly dry and warm. Boracic powder, fullers earth, and talc powder are excellent if the skin is sore or red, but it must never be used for the purpose of helping to dry baby. Powder well all the little creases in the arms and legs as well as the body. A little good salad oil may be rubbed into the skin if there is any tendoncy for it to be too dry. Bo particularly careful when drying the ears, and use only a soft, dry napkin or towel. A hairpin should never be put into the little ear on any condition whatever. Hairpins and the hard ends of towels have been the cause of a ruptured drum and acute inflammation of the ear. The Daily Bath

Dress him as quickly as possible, and in all probability he will be quite ready for a quiet, refreshing sleep. Once a day is quite sufficient for bathing baby, and the morning is preferable to the evening.

The daily bath helps to keep illness at bay, braces the nerves, and is a wonderful tonic. There is no time in a childs life, unless he is unwell, when bathing can be omitted without loss, though this is not as necessary to the health of the child after it is five jears old as it is to the infant. At night a warm bath given to a child who is teething will be found most soothing to the little one, and gonerally ensures a good nights rest for both mother and baby.

It is very human, but by no means wise, to invito friends to seo baby bathod. The presence of strangers, and the sound of unusual voices, is apt to excite the mite at a time when the little brain requires composing rather than distraction.

How to Make a Bath-apron The young mother has all too fow of those odd moments which are so precious, but a bath-apron mado by herself is infinitely prof erable to the purchased article. It can be made from one width of heavy flannel, and is a yard and a quarter long. The hem, which is one inch wide at the sides, two inches at the top, and three at the bottom, is finished on the right side with buttonhole stitching in crewel of any desired colour.

Two yards of ribbon to match the stitching, slipped through the hem at the top, from the band and strings. At the bottom right-hand corner is embroidered a wild flower that is in bloom in the babys birth month, or the childs name if that be preferred.

Bedding. From the first day of its life baby should have his own little cot, bassinet, or cradle. If it is a low bassinet it should be placed on two chairs to keep baby from draughts. The swinging or rocking-cradle is no longer approved by the leading authorities on child welfare.

Avoid the use of eiderdown quilts; the perspiration from the body cannot got through down as through blanket. Weight does not necessarily mean warmth. Uso only light blankets and no sheets. A light covering should always be put over the baby, or a child of any age, during the day-time nap. There is good reason for this. The heart beats more slowly during sloop, the blood circulates less rapidly, and loss heat is produced. An extra covering is required to compensate for this loss. Damp Clothes are Dangerous It is essential that evorything be well aired, a3 damp bod-clothes are apt to cause rheumatism. In summer they may either be exposed to the direct rays of the sun or aired by the fire. The former is preferable.

A pretty bassinet, and also a babys toilet-baskot, may be mado for a few shillings. A wicker cradle, a flat, open basket, six yards of sateen of any desired colour, six yards of white spotted muslin or net, nine yards of edging lace, and six yards of ribbon are all the materials required. Four and a half yards of muslin will trim the bassinet, and one and a half yards each of the sateen, muslin, laco, and ribbon will be sufficient for the basket.

Covor the cradle insido and out with the sateen on the straight, then cover ij with muslin, and pleat both into shape at the bottom, making them fit neatly. Frill the edges with muslin. Now cover the hood with sateen, and put the muslin ovor it. Trim with lace, and decorate with bows of ribbon on each side.

The basket is lined in a similar way, and should be fitted at the sido with a square pincushion covered in the samo material, and one or two pockets, and a strap for scissors and thimble.

Before Birth. The fife of a child begins at the moment of conception, that is, some nine months before it is actually born. These nine months are of the utmost importance to two lives, that of the child to be born, and of the expectant mother.

Pregnancy is a perfectly natural condition, and there is no need for the mother to be treated as an invalid; it is, however, a condition involving long and continuous strain, to meet which both body and mind require special care and toning. Happily, the chief requisites for a healthy and happy pregnancy with little discomfort and a normal confinement are within the reach of almost everyone. They are simple, nutritious food, fresh air and sunlight, moderate exercise, rest and sleep, a good doctor.