These are courts which try criminal cases. They are held in various towns, two, three or four times a year, and to them are brought prisoners who have been charged within the area for which a court has jurisdiction. A judge of the High Court presides, and he has authority to try all prisoners against whom a true bill has been found as well as all untried prisoners in the local gaol or out on bail. The judge, on finishing the assize, passes on to another assize court, during which time he is said to be ‘on circuit.’

There is no assize court in London, its duties being dis- charged by the Central Criminal Court at the Old Bailey.