Amelanchier

Several members of the Amelanchier genus assume the dimensions of small trees and provide us with two seasons of effect — a dense canopy of small white fragrant flowers in the spring, often with the developing young leaves, followed by rich colouring of the foliage in the autumn. The snowy mespiluses are more successful on moist but well-drained lime-free soils. Their nomenclature is confused but the following species are usually available in tree forms. However, avoid specimens grafted on thorn (crataegus).

The true species under the name Amelanchier canadensis (oblongifblia) forms an erect-growing shrubby tree, native of swampy land in eastern North America. The leaves are oblong in shape and the flowers produced in compact erect racemes. Another North American species is A. laevis; here the bronzy-pink young leaves appearing with the fragrant white flowers are an added feature. It is often wrongly grown under the name of A. canadensis.

A. lamarckii (grandiflora) is the best species for general garden planting; it will form a small specimen of rather spreading habit. A striking tree in flower and autumn colour, it is now naturalized in several areas of Europe including England. A. lamarckii rubescens (grandiflora rubescens) is a variety with flowers purple pink in bud and tinted pink when open.

Amelanchier

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