Salmonella is a group of bacteria of which there are hundreds of types. They cause generalized fevers and illnesses, acute gastroenteritis and, if severe, can multiply in the bloodstream causing septicaemia, which may affect every part of the system.
One of the most dangerous types is Salmonella typhae (or typhosa), commonly contracted in hot climates and characterized by fever, headache, a cough, rose-like spots on the skin and a generally toxic state. The bacteria can cause ulceration and inflammation in the bowel and lymphatic system and may be characterized by an enlarged spleen (found under the left lower ribs and extending into the upper abdomen). Other common salmonella poisonings are known as paratyphoid, of which there are different types (A B and C), the most frequent of infections being ‘food poisoning’. This may be caused by a variety of bugs in the salmonella group, ranging in symptoms from mild diarrhoea and cramps to potentially fatal events.
If a diagnosis of salmonella poisoning is made, see Poisoning.
Typhoid should be treated by antibiotics if a complementary practitioner with experience has not controlled the problem within 24hr.