Deep vein thrombosis is most commonly associated with the formation of a blood clot in the lower legs and is characterized by pain in the calf. Simply put, deep vein thrombosis can occur in any deep-lying vein. Most commonly found in the calf, they also appear elsewhere in the legs, pelvis and abdomen.

Deep vein thrombosis is a dangerous condition due to the not infrequent movement of the clot from the site of origin through the larger blood vessels to the heart. From the heart, these clots are pumped into the lungs causing a blockage and a pulmonary embolism.

The characteristics of DVT are localized pain, swelling and discomfort caused by an inability of blood to pass the blockage and associated redness. These symptoms must be taken to your doctor and treated as an emergency if there is any suggestion of a chest pain or shortness of breath.

Deep vein thrombosis is often associated with superficial varicose veins although clots in this area are not dangerous because they are unlikely to travel into the larger veins leading to the heart. Any conditions thickening the blood (including dehydration) and any condition that may block the venous blood flow such as pregnancy, injury, obesity or oestrogen drugs (found in the oral contraceptive pill and HRT) may predispose to DVT. Individuals who are restricted by sedentary jobs, driving, air travel or those confined to wheelchairs may also compromise the blood flow from the legs and therefore be predisposed to DVT. Anyone in this group should be wary of any characteristic symptoms and bring them to the attention of a doctor immediately. • The possibility of a DVT should be treated as a medical emergency, reviewed by a doctor and if necessary treated in the acute phase with anticoagulants such as heparin or warfarin.

Establish the most probable cause and discuss this with a complementary medical practitioner with experience in this condition. Homeopathy, herbal medicine and dietetics are all beneficial.

Establish a good exercise regime to encourage blood flow generally.

Consider regular massage or Shiatsu as part of your lifestyle.

In an acute situation, whilst awaiting the doctor’s opinion, use the homeopathic remedy Lachesis 6 every 15min.

Ensure that you drink 4-6 pints of water per day.