Morphine is the most potent pain reliever. It is similar to the body’s own painkillers known as endorphins and enkephalins, and also similar in structure and efficacy to heroin.

Morphine is profoundly addictive, not so much psychologically but certainly physiologically. This means that when its use is stopped the body will be much more sensitive to pain for a short while. The body does readjust. Morphine is usually introduced when terminal conditions are creating pain that is unrelenting with other painkillers.

I, amongst other holistic physicians, suspect that the use of morphine is suppressive not only of pain but also of the body’s natural vital forces. Morphine should only be used when other painkillers are failing to succeed.