Unless the road is absolutely clear, a sign should never be altered. It often happens that a driver is under the impression that the turning he wants is, let us say, the first on the right, so the appropriate sign is given. Should he find he is mistaken, he should not suddenly turn in, because if there happens to be a car following it would naturally have taken to the near side of the road in order to pass. It is better to take the wrong turning than to run any risk of accident. He who hesitates is lost, is a very good slogan to be remembered when driving.
Many mishaps are caused through cutting-in and inaccurate judgment of distance and speed. It is exceedingly bad driving to try to pass anything unless one is absolutely certain that there is plenty of room and time. It may appear very clever and skilful to pass anything very close, just allowing sufficient time and space in which to do so. It is neither clever nor good driving, but folly. Allow for the Faults of Others The good driver allows for other peoples faults, and while he may be confident there is sufficient room, he will take no risks, because he does not know whether or not the other driver is likely to swerve, or whether he is an individual who gives no signs. Ho will never attempt to pass a vehicle without first hooting and then receiving the signal to proceed. No driver should beckon any vehicle on unless the road is perfectly clear in front, and he should warn overtaking traffic of any obstruction or danger. Children and Cyclists Special attention must be paid to children and cyclists. The former are very trying, because one never knows quite what they are going to do. They do not realize the danger of running into the road after a ball, or the highly dangerous nature of the game of seeing who can be the last to cross the road. Children have an unfortunate habit of springing from nowhere – they roll down banks on the side of the road, dash out from the front or rear of a stationary car, jump off the tail of a lorry, in fact, one never knows where they may spring from, and this engenders caution.
Some cyclists have little road sense. They wobble, fall off, or get off without the slightest warning. When passing cyclists it is wise to give them plenty of room. Be careful, too, that they do not try to overtake a motor vehicle en the near side.
Consideration should be shown to the aged. To give a long blast on the horn does not help limbs crippled by rheumatism to move any the more quickly. One must allow for deaf folk, on whom the shrillest hoot will not make the slightest impression. Pedestrians are apt to cross the road suddenly or to step from the front of a stationary car without first having looked to see if the road is clear. Night Driving Night driving calls for special care. Cycle reflectors are sometimes difficult to see, especially when they are splashed with mud. It is better to imagine an obstruction, or anticipate something coming out of a side turning, than to take it for granted that all is well. Do not try to blind the driver of an oncoming car with your headlights, but use the device provided for dipping them.
Driving on greasy or slippery roads is dangerous. Brakes should be used as little as possible; their application often causes skids. It is inadvisable to try to travel at a high speed when the road surface is damp. When ice and snow are about, chains should be used, otherwise it is difficult to get a grip with the tyres.
Tram-cars cause much annoyance and trouble to the inexperienced driver, and they are certainly rather tiresome because one never quite knows when they may stop. Tram-cars may be passed on either side, providing the road is clear.
When passing a tram on the near side it is necessary to make sure that the road is straight and that the tram-lines do not suddenly swerve towards the pavement, in which case there would not be room to pass. A tram-car, stopped for the purpose of allowing passengers to alight or get on, must not be passed on the left side. Care must also be taken when passing a stationary tram on the other side that people are not crossing in front of it. This also applies to oncoming traffic.
It is bad policy to leave a car on a steep incline for any length of time. It is giving undue strain to the brakes. If it is compulsory that the vehicle be left on a hill, take special care to seo that the brakes are on securely, and as an extra precaution place large stones behind the tyres.