THESE revolving shelters need special care as regards their position in the garden. Whichever way they are facing, the view must please, and for this reason a somewhat central position in the garden is indicated. At the same time, an essential point for all shelters is that they should be readily accessible in all weathers, with a clean, dry approach, and the centre of a lawn is therefore not the best place.
Garden is obtained, can usually be raised easily above the lawn level in order to create a site for the shelter. This gives a vista both ways in a small garden – from the house to the garden shelter, and vice versa.
An arbour, or herber of romantic tradition, and a bower, were medieval names for garden shelters. They still conjure up visions of flower-covered seats, designed not so much for weather shelter as for screening the users from prying eyes.
What is the best type of garden seat? The answer is by no means simple, for every garden differs in appearance and use.
Steel furniture has now made its appear-ance. It is light, easily portable, and takes up only a little room. .Some steel chairs are of the nesting pattern. They lit one inside the other, and a complete set takes up the space of one ordinary chair.
Other types of garden seats, such as canvas, are also useful where accommodation is limited. Canvas furnishings include many different colours.
Wickerwork is universally popular because of its lightness and portability. The willow wicker garden furniture is the cheapest kind. In this, material which harmonizes with every garden scheme, tables, chairs, baskets, shelters, fences, and a variety of other useful articles are made.
Permanent Garden Furniture
THE more permanent types of furniture should have a definite place in the garden design. They are generally heavy and unwieldy, and therefore should not have to be moved. The site for permanent seats will have been chosen when the plan of the garden is first made, and before the seat is actually placed some attention should be given to the surround. For instance, if a seat of permanent type is placed direct on a lawn, the grass will soon wear away from the spot beneath the seat, and a muddy and unsightly patch will result.
SLABS of stone, crazy paving, or a gravel patch would prevent this; but if the gravel patch is the choice, care must be given to its level. The surface should be slightly above the elevation of the grass, so that water never stands on it. A slight fall in the gravel from front to back is the besl way of preventing the collection of water
The site for the seat will determine te some extent the size and design of the seat itself. For instance, at the terminal of a garden walk, a straight seat of solid appearance, would be appropriate.
A stone seat would be suitable if near a stone-edged pond, or stone terrace. Such a seat will be more ornamental than useful in this cold climate, unless the seat is placed sufficiently near the house for an ample supply of garden cushions to fill it.
Under a tree a circular seat might find a place, and under a group of trees on a lawn, GARDEN
GARDEN furniture of somewhat unconventional character could be grouped. Of this uncon-ventional furniture, several new kinds are now on the market.
Even the most purely ornamental of garden features has, in a way, its use.
ABIRD bath provides the necessary water, but it also makes a delightfully ornamental feature when birds of every hue splash in its water. If a choice of design can be made, one should be selected that provides a large area of shallow water. Both bath and feeding table are best near enough to the house windows to be seen and enjoyed, but neither should be so near as to frighten the birds away.
After bird baths and tables, the sundial must rank next in importance. It makes a good centre-piece, especially in the formal garden, or it can be used as a terminal, so long as it is placed in full sun. The old dial type of sundial is a brass plate, which can be fixed to any kind of plinth. It is based on the principle of a shadow cast by the gnomon on the dial, which, of course, coincides with the path of the sun.
Water in the garden, unless in the form of a matural stream or informal pond.
Garden ornaments are made in an almost endless variety of materials. Some pottery specialists make vases of sufficient depth and area to give a satisfactory volume of soil in which to grow shrubs and other plants. These are in an artificial stone. But there are also similar vases and other ornaments made in natural stone.