Cushions may be square, oblong, round, oval or any shape and size you choose. Cushion covers may be in virtually any fabric, and all are made in a similar way, from two pieces, either stitched together to make a bag or with a strip between them to make a ‘wall’. The edges of the cover can be plain or you could include piping or a frill in the seam. Alternatively you could stitch cord around the edge afterwards.
The cushion filling can be firm or soft depending on how you want to use it. Cushion pads of foam rubber are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, but for anything unusual you will have to make the pad yourself.
Cutting out Square or oblong cushion covers can be cut to measure. Simply decide the size and add 2.5 cm (1 inch) each way for the seam turnings. For other shapes it is advisable to make a paper pattern. Decide the shape you want, and outline it on your fabric. Draw a second line 1.5 cm (½ inch) outside the first for the seam turn. Neaten the raw edges of the seams, clipping them at angles, corners and curves.
Turn the cover right side out, insert the cushion pad and fold under the seam turnings along the opening. Slip stitch them firmly together. This slip stitching may be pulled out easily if the cover is removed for cleaning.
Cushion pads Use a cheap fabric to make the casing of the pad and foam chippings, polyester wadding or kapok for the stuffing. Make the casing like the cushion cover, but omitting any piping or frill. Stuff well and oversew the edges of the opening firmly together.