LIGHTING

LIGHTING going up and coming down stairs that cannot be distinctly seen.

The lounge orliving-room has to be lit for two purposes – which we will call General and Intimate. General lighting is required when the whole room is in use, as when you are entertaining or at other times when a number of people are present. Intimate lighting is all that is needed when there are only one or two of you reading at the fireside, and it is an extravagance to have the whole of the room illuminated then.

In the small room this may not mean that two sets of lamps are required, but it will rarely mean that one lamp is sufficient. If one lamp is all that can be managed it must hang in the centre of the room. It will serve for general lighting there, but if it does so you will not be able to use much of a shade or the effect will be to illumine the centre of the floor (or the ceiling if you use a bowl or inverted fitting) only; and it may give you a good reading light in certain positions, but it cannot be generally ideal for this purpose.

The best lighting for the lounge com- This new scenic wallpaper, based ou the voyages of Columbus. Is printed In prises floor or table standards for the fire-side – one at each side – and bracket lamps on the walls remote from the fire-place. It is handy to have them on all walls for such an occasion as a dance, when you want to clear the room of furniture and take out the standard lamps.

At the door there should be two switches, one for the wall lights and one for the standard lamps. You can then turn off either when you leave the room; for if you have been reading by the standard lamps only, then when you leave the room, you will have to go to the door and switch on the general lights before you switch off the standards if the latter cannot be controlled from the door.

The standards should, of course, have switches of their own as well, so that you may turn them on or off without having to journey to the door.

In the dining-room a centre lamp is required. For although candles of the right sort are the most charming light for the dinner-table, you will not have them at breakfast on dark winter mornings.

But this centre drop-light should hang from the centre of the ceiling and over the centre of the table. If the chimney breast is in the centre of one wall then the table will probably stand not half-way between that breast and the opposite wall, but halfway between the front of the fender and the opposite wall, and the centre light should be fixed accordingly.

Some dining-rooms, however, are so awkwardly planned that the table cannot be set in the centre of the room. The drop-light then should be fixed, not in the centre of the room, but above the centre of the table. Two other lights only are essential in the dining-room. One is needed over, or in, the service-hatch and the other over the sideboard or serving-table. If the sideboard or serving-table comes under the hatch, which is certainly a convenience, then one light will be sufficient for the two.

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