A hole in a saucepan or kettle may be plugged by means of one set of washers and screw – pot menders – sold by ironmongers for the purpose. As a rule a utensil of thin tinned iron is not worth patching, and examination will show that it has developed many weak places by the time a rust puncture appears.
Oalvanized buckets and small baths, the bottoms of which have been worn out, may be made serviceable again by running in half an inch of cement mixed with water to the consistency of cream. The cement will add appreciably to the weight; but the article will be useful in the garden and for rough purposes generally.
The bottom of a leaking iron cistern may be cured in the same way if the nodules of rust are first carefully removed and the metal cleaned as thoroughly as possible with a wire scratch-brush. Holes in the sides may be stopped with bolts and washers spread with red lead paint.
Leaks in gas pipes may be stopped temporarily with soap or with paint, varnish, or any other fiiid substance which dries out hard.
A leak in a water pipe which has been burst by frost may be stopped, for the time at least, by breaking the edges of the crack together, and laying along the crack a strip of fine canvas thickly spread with white lead paint, and binding this over tightly with a long strip applied like a bandage, which in turn is painted over. The pipe must be dry when treated, and water should not be admitted until the paint has hardened.
If the pressure that the pipe has to carry is considerable, the damaged part should be repaired by a plumber (if of lead) or replaced (if of iron).
Continued leakage into the pedestal of a water closet is due usually to the washer on the plug raised by a pull on the handle, having worn out, and is stopped by fitting a new washer, which can be bought at the ironmongers. Leaks of this kind should be attended to as soon as discovered. Even a small flow allowed to persist for weeks or months means a great wasto of water.
The re-washering of leaky water taps, and the stopping of leaks in zoofs and gutters are dealt with in separate articles.
It is with this method of lining that this article is concerned.
UTG. 1, a is a sectional view of a circular pond about 6$ feet across at the top and 2h feet deep. There is, of course, no reason why the dimensions given should be adhered to. A greater depth is desirable if expense is not to be considered, and a greater diameter