JEWISH CALENDAR

The Jews date their calendar from the Creation. A ‘common year’ in this calendar consists of twelve lunar months of 29 or 30 days. When necessary to adapt the system to the Solar year an extra month is interpolated, and the year is called an ‘Embolismic year.’ The first of each month or new moon is kept as a solemn festival, and .in months of thirty days the last day as well. The Jewish day is reckoned from sunset to sunset. The Jewish year which started in September, 1931, was Aiiuo Mundi 5692. The year is made up as follows:—

Sebat.

A month of 30 days, roughly starting towards the end of January of our calendar.

Adar.

From the end of February to about the last week in March. It contains The Fast of Esther (13th Adar), Purim (14th Adar), Shushan Purim (15th Adar).

Nisan.

On the 15th of this month—about the Christian Easter —is the Feast of the Passover.

Yiar.

On the 18th of this month is the Festival of Omer.

Sivan.

This month contains Pentecost (practically our Whit-sun) ; the first day is on the 6th Sivan, and the second on the 7th.

Tamuz.

The fast of Tamuz is on the 18th of this month.

Ab.

The fast of Ab is the 10th.

Elul.

The last month of the Jewish year.

Tisri.

New Year’s Day.

This falls somewhere between the 8th and 20th September. The New Year is followed by ten days of penance, including New Year 2nd day (2nd Tisri) and the Fast of 238

Guedaliah (3rd Idem), and culminating in the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) on tlie 10th Tisri. This is the most solemn day in the Yiddish year. On the 15th and 16th fall the 1st and 2nd day of the Feast of Tabernacles, Hosana Rab on the 21st, and the Feast of the 8th day on the 22nd. The Rejoicing of the Law falls on the 23rd Tisri.

Hesvan.

Contains neither Fast nor Feast.

Kislev.

On the 25th of this month is the Feast of the Dedication of the Temple.

Tebet.

The 1st of this month is about the middle of December.

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