Methods of Eradicating Unsightly Marks
A STAIN, like dirt, is useful matter in the wrong place. Remedies suggested for the removal of stains caused by various means are given below in alphabetical order for easy reference. As a general principle it may be remarked that the sooner measures are taken for the removal of a stain the more effective the remedy is likely to be.
Acid usually takes the colour out of material. To restore the colour apply a little sal volatile or hartshorn.
Brown streaks on baths, due to dripping water, should be brushed with a strong solution of soda and water.
Coffee stains on woollen articles should be rubbed with glycerine and afterwards thoroughly washed with lukewarm water, then ironed on the wrong side until dry. They may be removed from a table-cloth by soaking the marked part in cold water in which a little borax has been added. It may take some hours before the stain clears.
Copying-pencil stains should be treated by soaking them in methylated spirit and rubbing gently with a soft brush.
Egg stains on washable fabrics will surrender to an application of cold water, followed by a wash with soap and hot water. Articles such as spoons and forks stained in a similar way should be rubbed with salt.
Fruit stains may be removed from a table-cloth by placing it in soapy water, rubbing it with a little lemon juice, and then folding it up for an hour or so before washing in the usual way. Another method is to tie up some cream of tartar in the stained part, boiling in soapsuds for a few minutes, and then washing and rinsing in clear water.
Grass stains on white material should be rubbed with methylated spirit and then washed with soap and water.
Grease has to be treated in a variety of ways according to the nature of the material. Fullers earth will remove it from suede and wall-paper, from leather furniture by covering it with pipeclay made into a soft paste with water and allowed to remain for twelve hours or so. Grease spots on trousers may be eradicated by soaking a few ivy leaves in boihng water and brushing them with it. Coat collars may be cleaned by rubbing with eucalyptus oil or a cloth dipped in ammonia. Hot grease spilled on a table should have cold water poured on it. This has the effect of making the grease harden quickly and thus prevents it from soaking into the wood.
Hot-water marks made by jugs on trays and tables may be removed by applying a thin paste of salad-oil and salt and allowing it to remain for an hour or so. The article should afterwards be polished with a dry cloth.
Ink stains on linen surrender to lemon. A lemon cut in halves should be dipped in plain salt and rubbed across the stain. If on cotton material, wet the spot with boiling water, and rub a little salts of lemon on it with the back of a spoon. Allow it to soak for a few minutes, and again rub as before. Rinse in tepid water, and hang up to dry. Milk and common salt may be tried if the salts of lemon ia not available. If the stains are on furniture, add sis drops of nitre to a tea-spoonful of water and apply it with a feather. Diluted oxalic acid (poison) applied with a soft brush and then absorbed by blotting-paper will remove ink stains from a coloured table-cloth and books . Methylated spirit will remove the marks from mahogany and floors. Ink stains on the fingers should be rubbed with vinegar and then washed with soap and water.
Iodine may be removed from linen or the hands by washing the stains in a strong solution of hyposulphite of sodium – the familiar hypo of the photographer. Use 1 02. of lrypo and 2 oz. Of water.
Iron-rust stains should be sprinkled with salt moistened with lemon juice and then allowed to stand for a time. Add more salt and juice until the stains disappear, then rinse in cold water several times, and finally in water to which a little ammonia has been added.
Marking-ink stains should be damped and treated with chloride of lime for a few minutes, followed by dipping in liquid ammonia,
Medicine stains on linen will usually surrender by boiling the article in two gallons of water and three teaspoon fuls of borax. Rub silver or plated spoons stained by medicine with a rag dipped in vinegar, and then wash with soap and water.
Mildew spots on linen should be rubbed with lemon juice, and the article hung out in strong sunlight, if possible. Another method is to rub the spots with soap, put a little powdered chalk over them, and allowing to dry. Then wash in warm water.
Mud on black clothes will vanish if they are brushed and then rubbed with the raw surface of a cut potato.
Oil may be taken out of leather by dusting with dry Fullers earth or applying the white of an egg and drying in the sun. Paint on glass may be scraped of! With the edge of a penny or the application of hot vinegar. Turpentine will remove it from white silk or woollen materials.
Scorch marks on flannel will disappear 5 if an onion cut in halves is rubbed on them. Afterwards wash in lukewarm water. If on linen, make a mixture of half an ounce of white soap, two ounces of Fullers earth, the juice of two onions, and half a pint of vinegar. Boil these ingredients together and apply cold. Allow it to remain on the article for four or five hours, then wash in the usual way.
Scratches on furniture, provided they are not very deep, should be treated with a mixture of equal parts of linseed oil and turpentine, which must be rubbed well into the scratches with a flannel and polished with a soft duster.
Sewing-machine oil has an objectionable way on occasion of falling on white material. Rub the spot with a cloth dipped in ammonia, and wash.
Tar. Rub well with lard, then wash thoroughly with soap, and water.
Tea stains on a table-cloth should receive an application of boiling water poured through the cloth. Should this prove ineffective, put the article into fairly strong solution of ammonia and water. Tea stains on blankets are best dealt with by immersing the stained portion in a bowl of warm water to which half a table-spoonful of liquid ammonia and a table-spoonful of glycerine has been added. Allow it to remain oveinight, then rub with a clean cloth, and rinse with warm water. Discoloured teacups should be rubbed with salt and vinegar, but if the cups are rinsed in cold water before being washed they will not become stained.
Wax may be removed from cloth by placing white blotting-paper over the marks and holding a hot iron within an inch or two of the blotting-paper.
Wine. – Linen stained by wine should be rubbed on both sides with yellow soap and a thick paste of starch and water applied. Rub in well and hang in tlis open air.