How To Cultivate Peaches Nectarines and Plums
Varieties for outdoor culture include:
PEACHES: Bellegardc, Dymond, Hales Early.
NECTARINES: Early Rivers, Lord Napier.
Pears. Plant standards 25 feet apart, half standards 15 feet. Bushes 10 feet. Espaliers 15 feet. Cordons 2 feet.
Prune as for apples, but do not prune too heavily while the trees are young.
Good dessert varieties for the amateurs garden include Laxtons Superb, Williams Bon Chretien, Emile DHeyst, Louise Bonne of Jersey.
A rich loam is needed for the successful cultivation of pears. Where the soil is light, pears on pear stock are best, but on heavy soil pears grafted on quince stock will succeed better. It is always advisable to tell the nurseryman what the natural soil is like when ordering any fruits.
Plums. Plant cordons 2 feet apart, standards 25 feet, bushes 15 feet, fan-tailed trees 15 feet.
Ordinary good, well-drained soil is suitable, and trees that are bearing well appreciate a mulch of manure at flowering time.
Prune to form a shapely tree, and to keep the shape of trained trees, but otherwise pruno as little as possible, as the use of the knife is a cause of disease appearing.
The popular Victoria plum, and Coes Golden Drop are probably two of the best for general purposes. The Greengage is also well liked, but is self-sterile, and should therefore only be planted near other varieties. It also responds to root pruning, which might be tried where a tree consistently fails to fruit though apparently healthy.